ERR(3) Linux Programmer s Manual ERR(3)

NAME err, verr, errx, verrx, warn, vwarn, warnx, vwarnx - formatted error messages

SYNOPSIS #include <err.h>

void err(int eval, const char *fmt, ...);

void errx(int eval, const char *fmt, ...);

void warn(const char *fmt, ...);

void warnx(const char *fmt, ...);

#include <stdarg.h>

void verr(int eval, const char *fmt, va_list args);

void verrx(int eval, const char *fmt, va_list args);

void vwarn(const char *fmt, va_list args);

void vwarnx(const char *fmt, va_list args);

DESCRIPTION The err() and warn() family of functions display a formatted error mes- sage on the standard error output. In all cases, the last component of the program name, a colon character, and a space are output. If the fmt argument is not NULL, the printf(3)-like formatted error message is output. The output is terminated by a newline character.

The err(), verr(), warn(), and vwarn() functions append an error mes- sage obtained from strerror(3) based on a code or the global variable errno, preceded by another colon and space unless the fmt argument is NULL.

The err(), verr(), warn(), and vwarn() functions use the global vari- able errno to look up the error message.

The errx() and warnx() functions do not append an error message.

The err(), verr(), errx(), and verrx() functions do not return, but exit with the value of the argument eval.

EXAMPLES Display the current errno information string and exit:

if ((p = malloc(size)) == NULL) err(1, NULL); if ((fd = open(file_name, O_RDONLY, 0)) == -1) err(1, "%s", file_name);

Display an error message and exit:

if (tm.tm_hour < START_TIME) errx(1, "too early, wait until %s", start_time_string);

Warn of an error:

if ((fd = open(raw_device, O_RDONLY, 0)) == -1) warnx("%s: %s: trying the block device", raw_device, strerror(errno)); if ((fd = open(block_device, O_RDONLY, 0)) == -1) err(1, "%s", block_device);

CONFORMING TO These functions are non-standard BSD extensions.

SEE ALSO error(3), exit(3), perror(3), printf(3), strerror(3)

COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at

Linux 2007-12-28 ERR(3)