DATE(1) User Commands DATE(1)

NAME date - print or set the system date and time

SYNOPSIS date [OPTION]... [+FORMAT] date [-u|--utc|--universal] [MMDDhhmm[[CC]YY][.ss]]

DESCRIPTION Display the current time in the given FORMAT, or set the system date.

-d, --date=STRING display time described by STRING, not now

-f, --file=DATEFILE like --date once for each line of DATEFILE

-r, --reference=FILE display the last modification time of FILE

-R, --rfc-2822 output date and time in RFC 2822 format. Example: Mon, 07 Aug 2006 12:34:56 -0600

--rfc-3339=TIMESPEC output date and time in RFC 3339 format. TIMESPEC= date, sec- onds , or ns for date and time to the indicated precision. Date and time components are separated by a single space: 2006-08-07 12:34:56-06:00

-s, --set=STRING set time described by STRING

-u, --utc, --universal print or set Coordinated Universal Time

--help display this help and exit

--version output version information and exit

FORMAT controls the output. Interpreted sequences are:

%% a literal %

%a locales abbreviated weekday name (e.g., Sun)

%A locales full weekday name (e.g., Sunday)

%b locales abbreviated month name (e.g., Jan)

%B locales full month name (e.g., January)

%c locale s date and time (e.g., Thu Mar 3 23:05:25 2005)

%C century; like %Y, except omit last two digits (e.g., 20)

%d day of month (e.g, 01)

%D date; same as %m/%d/%y

%e day of month, space padded; same as %_d

%F full date; same as %Y-%m-%d

%g last two digits of year of ISO week number (see %G)

%G year of ISO week number (see %V); normally useful only with %V

%h same as %b

%H hour (00..23)

%I hour (01..12)

%j day of year (001..366)

%k hour ( 0..23)

%l hour ( 1..12)

%m month (01..12)

%M minute (00..59)

%n a newline

%N nanoseconds (000000000..999999999)

%p locales equivalent of either AM or PM; blank if not known

%P like %p, but lower case

%r locales 12-hour clock time (e.g., 11:11:04 PM)

%R 24-hour hour and minute; same as %H:%M

%s seconds since 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC

%S second (00..60)

%t a tab

%T time; same as %H:%M:%S

%u day of week (1..7); 1 is Monday

%U week number of year, with Sunday as first day of week (00..53)

%V ISO week number, with Monday as first day of week (01..53)

%w day of week (0..6); 0 is Sunday

%W week number of year, with Monday as first day of week (00..53)

%x locales date representation (e.g., 12/31/99)

%X locales time representation (e.g., 23:13:48)

%y last two digits of year (00..99)

%Y year

%z +hhmm numeric timezone (e.g., -0400)

%:z +hh:mm numeric timezone (e.g., -04:00)

%::z +hh:mm:ss numeric time zone (e.g., -04:00:00)

%:::z numeric time zone with : to necessary precision (e.g., -04, +05:30)

%Z alphabetic time zone abbreviation (e.g., EDT)

By default, date pads numeric fields with zeroes. The following optional flags may follow %:

- (hyphen) do not pad the field

_ (underscore) pad with spaces

0 (zero) pad with zeros

^ use upper case if possible

# use opposite case if possible

After any flags comes an optional field width, as a decimal number; then an optional modifier, which is either E to use the locales alter- nate representations if available, or O to use the locales alternate numeric symbols if available.

DATE STRING The --date=STRING is a mostly free format human readable date string such as "Sun, 29 Feb 2004 16:21:42 -0800" or "2004-02-29 16:21:42" or even "next Thursday". A date string may contain items indicating cal- endar date, time of day, time zone, day of week, relative time, rela- tive date, and numbers. An empty string indicates the beginning of the day. The date string format is more complex than is easily documented here but is fully described in the info documentation.

ENVIRONMENT TZ Specifies the timezone, unless overridden by command line param- eters. If neither is specified, the setting from /etc/localtime is used.

AUTHOR Written by David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS Report date bugs to GNU coreutils home page: <> General help using GNU software: <> Report date translation bugs to <>

COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO The full documentation for date is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and date programs are properly installed at your site, the command

info coreutils ’date invocation’

should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.4 July 2014 DATE(1)