ERFC(3) Linux Programmer s Manual ERFC(3)

NAME erfc, erfcf, erfcl - complementary error function

SYNOPSIS #include <math.h>

double erfc(double x); float erfcf(float x); long double erfcl(long double x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

erfc(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99 erfcf(), erfcl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600|| _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION The erfc() function returns the complementary error function of x, that is, 1.0 - erf(x).

RETURN VALUE On success, these functions return the complementary error function of x, a value in the range [0,2].

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is +0 or -0, 1 is returned.

If x is positive infinity, +0 is returned.

If x is negative infinity, +2 is returned.

If the function result underflows and produces an unrepresentable value, the return value is 0.0.

If the function result underflows but produces a representable (i.e., subnormal) value, that value is returned, and a range error occurs.

ERRORS See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Range error: result underflow (result is subnormal) An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

These functions do not set errno.

CONFORMING TO C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD.

NOTES The erfc() functions are provided to avoid the loss accuracy that would occur for the calculation 1-erf(x) for large values of x (for which the value of erf(x) approaches 1).

SEE ALSO cerf(3), erf(3), exp(3)

COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at

GNU 2008-08-05 ERFC(3)