REMAINDER(3) Linux Programmer s Manual REMAINDER(3)

NAME drem, dremf, dreml, remainder, remainderf, remainderl - floating-point remainder function

SYNOPSIS #include <math.h>

/* The C99 versions */ double remainder(double x, double y); float remainderf(float x, float y); long double remainderl(long double x, long double y);

/* Obsolete synonyms */ double drem(double x, double y); float dremf(float x, float y); long double dreml(long double x, long double y);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

remainder(): _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99 remainderf(), remainderl(): _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99 drem(), dremf(), dreml(): _SVID_SOURCE || _BSD_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION The remainder() function computes the remainder of dividing x by y. The return value is x-n*y, where n is the value x / y, rounded to the nearest integer. If the absolute value of x-n*y is 0.5, n is chosen to be even.

These functions are unaffected by the current rounding mode (see fenv(3)).

The drem() function does precisely the same thing.

RETURN VALUE On success, these functions return the floating-point remainder, x-n*y. If the return value is 0, it has the sign of x.

If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is an infinity, and y is not a NaN, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

If y is zero, and x is not a NaN, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

ERRORS See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x is an infinity and y is not a NaN An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.

These functions do not set errno for this case.

Domain error: y is zero errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.

CONFORMING TO The functions remainder(), remainderf(), and remainderl() are specified in C99 and POSIX.1-2001.

The function drem() is from 4.3BSD. The float and long double variants dremf() and dreml() exist on some systems, such as Tru64 and glibc2. Avoid the use of these functions in favor of remainder() etc.

BUGS The call

remainder(nan(""), 0);

returns a NaN, as expected, but wrongly causes a domain error; it should yield a silent NaN.

EXAMPLE The call "remainder(29.0, 3.0)" returns -1.

SEE ALSO div(3), fmod(3), remquo(3)

COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at

2009-02-04 REMAINDER(3)