CAT(1) User Commands CAT(1)

NAME cat - concatenate files and print on the standard output


DESCRIPTION Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output.

-A, --show-all equivalent to -vET

-b, --number-nonblank number nonempty output lines

-e equivalent to -vE

-E, --show-ends display $ at end of each line

-n, --number number all output lines

-s, --squeeze-blank suppress repeated empty output lines

-t equivalent to -vT

-T, --show-tabs display TAB characters as ^I

-u (ignored)

-v, --show-nonprinting use ^ and M- notation, except for LFD and TAB

--help display this help and exit

--version output version information and exit

With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

EXAMPLES cat f - g Output f s contents, then standard input, then gs contents.

cat Copy standard input to standard output.

AUTHOR Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

REPORTING BUGS Report cat bugs to GNU coreutils home page: <> General help using GNU software: <> Report cat translation bugs to <>

COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO The full documentation for cat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cat programs are properly installed at your site, the com- mand

info coreutils ’cat invocation’

should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.4 April 2012 CAT(1)