FPCLASSIFY(3) Linux Programmer s Manual FPCLASSIFY(3)

NAME fpclassify, isfinite, isnormal, isnan, isinf - floating-point classifi- cation macros

SYNOPSIS #include <math.h>

int fpclassify(x);

int isfinite(x);

int isnormal(x);

int isnan(x);

int isinf(x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

fpclassify(), isfinite(), isnormal(): _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99 isnan(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99 isinf(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION Floating point numbers can have special values, such as infinite or NaN. With the macro fpclassify(x) you can find out what type x is. The macro takes any floating-point expression as argument. The result is one of the following values:

FP_NAN x is "Not a Number".

FP_INFINITE x is either positive infinity or negative infinity.

FP_ZERO x is zero.

FP_SUBNORMAL x is too small to be represented in normalized format.

FP_NORMAL if nothing of the above is correct then it must be a nor- mal floating-point number.

The other macros provide a short answer to some standard questions.

isfinite(x) returns a non-zero value if (fpclassify(x) != FP_NAN && fpclassify(x) != FP_INFINITE)

isnormal(x) returns a non-zero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NORMAL)

isnan(x) returns a non-zero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NAN)

isinf(x) returns 1 if x is positive infinity, and -1 if x is nega- tive infinity.


For isinf(), the standards merely say that the return value is non-zero if and only if the argument has an infinite value.

NOTES In glibc 2.01 and earlier, isinf() returns a non-zero value (actually: 1) if x is positive infinity or negative infinity. (This is all that C99 requires.)

SEE ALSO finite(3), INFINITY(3), isgreater(3), signbit(3)

COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

2008-08-07 FPCLASSIFY(3)