NAME chkconfig - updates and queries runlevel information for system ser- vices

SYNOPSIS chkconfig --list [name] chkconfig --add name chkconfig --del name chkconfig [--level levels] name <on|off|reset|resetpriorities> chkconfig [--level levels] name

DESCRIPTION chkconfig provides a simple command-line tool for maintaining the /etc/rc[0-6].d directory hierarchy by relieving system administrators of the task of directly manipulating the numerous symbolic links in those directories.

This implementation of chkconfig was inspired by the chkconfig command present in the IRIX operating system. Rather than maintaining configu- ration information outside of the /etc/rc[0-6].d hierarchy, however, this version directly manages the symlinks in /etc/rc[0-6].d. This leaves all of the configuration information regarding what services init starts in a single location.

chkconfig has five distinct functions: adding new services for manage- ment, removing services from management, listing the current startup information for services, changing the startup information for ser- vices, and checking the startup state of a particular service.

When chkconfig is run without any options, it displays usage informa- tion. If only a service name is given, it checks to see if the service is configured to be started in the current runlevel. If it is, chkcon- fig returns true; otherwise it returns false. The --level option may be used to have chkconfig query an alternative runlevel rather than the current one.

If one of on, off, reset, or resetpriorities is specified after the service name, chkconfig changes the startup information for the speci- fied service. The on and off flags cause the service to be started or stopped, respectively, in the runlevels being changed. The reset flag resets the on/off state for all runlevels for the service to whatever is specified in the init script in question, while the resetpriorities flag resets the start/stop priorities for the service to whatever is specifed in the init script.

By default, the on and off options affect only runlevels 2, 3, 4, and 5, while reset and resetpriorities affects all of the runlevels. The --level option may be used to specify which runlevels are affected.

Note that for every service, each runlevel has either a start script or a stop script. When switching runlevels, init will not re-start an already-started service, and will not re-stop a service that is not running.

chkconfig also can manage xinetd scripts via the means of xinetd.d con- figuration files. Note that only the on, off, and --list commands are supported for xinetd.d services.

OPTIONS --level levels Specifies the run levels an operation should pertain to. It is given as a string of numbers from 0 to 6. For example, --level 35 specifies runlevels 3 and 5.

--add name

This option adds a new service for management by chkconfig. When a new service is added, chkconfig ensures that the service has either a start or a kill entry in every runlevel. If any runlevel is missing such an entry, chkconfig creates the appro- priate entry as specified by the default values in the init script. Note that default entries in LSB-delimited INIT INFO sections take precedence over the default runlevels in the initscript.

--del name The service is removed from chkconfig management, and any sym- bolic links in /etc/rc[0-6].d which pertain to it are removed.

Note that future package installs for this service may run chk- config --add, which will re-add such links. To disable a ser- vice, run chkconfig name off.

--list name This option lists all of the services which chkconfig knows about, and whether they are stopped or started in each runlevel. If name is specified, information in only display about service name.

RUNLEVEL FILES Each service which should be manageable by chkconfig needs two or more commented lines added to its init.d script. The first line tells chk- config what runlevels the service should be started in by default, as well as the start and stop priority levels. If the service should not, by default, be started in any runlevels, a - should be used in place of the runlevels list. The second line contains a description for the service, and may be extended across multiple lines with backslash con- tinuation.

For example, random.init has these three lines: # chkconfig: 2345 20 80 # description: Saves and restores system entropy pool for # higher quality random number generation. This says that the random script should be started in levels 2, 3, 4, and 5, that its start priority should be 20, and that its stop priority should be 80. You should be able to figure out what the description says; the causes the line to be continued. The extra space in front of the line is ignored.

SEE ALSO init(8) ntsysv(8) system-config-services(8)

AUTHOR Erik Troan <>

4th Berkeley Distribution Wed Oct 8 1997 CHKCONFIG(8)