GETLINE(3) Linux Programmer s Manual GETLINE(3)

NAME getline, getdelim - delimited string input

SYNOPSIS #define _GNU_SOURCE #include <stdio.h>

ssize_t getline(char **lineptr, size_t *n, FILE *stream); ssize_t getdelim(char **lineptr, size_t *n, int delim, FILE *stream);

DESCRIPTION getline() reads an entire line from stream, storing the address of the buffer containing the text into *lineptr. The buffer is null-termi- nated and includes the newline character, if one was found.

If *lineptr is NULL, then getline() will allocate a buffer for storing the line, which should be freed by the user program. Alternatively, before calling getline(), *lineptr can contain a pointer to a mal- loc()-allocated buffer *n bytes in size. If the buffer is not large enough to hold the line, getline() resizes it with realloc(), updating *lineptr and *n as necessary. In either case, on a successful call, *lineptr and *n will be updated to reflect the buffer address and allo- cated size respectively.

getdelim() works like getline(), except a line delimiter other than newline can be specified as the delimiter argument. As with getline(), a delimiter character is not added if one was not present in the input before end of file was reached.

RETURN VALUE On success, getline() and getdelim() return the number of characters read, including the delimiter character, but not including the termi- nating null byte. This value can be used to handle embedded null bytes in the line read.

Both functions return -1 on failure to read a line (including end of file condition).

ERRORS EINVAL Bad parameters (n or lineptr is NULL, or stream is not valid).

EXAMPLE #define _GNU_SOURCE #include <stdio.h> #include <stdlib.h>

int main(void) { FILE * fp; char * line = NULL; size_t len = 0; ssize_t read; fp = fopen("/etc/motd", "r"); if (fp == NULL) exit(EXIT_FAILURE); while ((read = getline(&line, &len, fp)) != -1) { printf("Retrieved line of length %zu :0, read); printf("%s", line); } if (line) free(line); return EXIT_SUCCESS; }

CONFORMING TO Both getline() and getdelim() are GNU extensions. They are available since libc 4.6.27.

SEE ALSO read(2), fgets(3), fopen(3), fread(3), gets(3), scanf(3)

GNU 2006-05-17 GETLINE(3)