CAT(1) User Commands CAT(1)

NAME cat - concatenate files and print on the standard output


DESCRIPTION Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output.

-A, --show-all equivalent to -vET

-b, --number-nonblank number nonblank output lines

-e equivalent to -vE

-E, --show-ends display $ at end of each line

-n, --number number all output lines

-s, --squeeze-blank never more than one single blank line

-t equivalent to -vT

-T, --show-tabs display TAB characters as ^I

-u (ignored)

-v, --show-nonprinting use ^ and M- notation, except for LFD and TAB

--help display this help and exit

--version output version information and exit

With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

EXAMPLES cat f - g Output f s contents, then standard input, then gs contents.

cat Copy standard input to standard output.

AUTHOR Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

REPORTING BUGS Report bugs to <>.

COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO The full documentation for cat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cat programs are properly installed at your site, the com- mand

info cat

should give you access to the complete manual.

cat 5.97 March 2012 CAT(1)