ASPELL(1) Aspell Abbreviated User s Manual ASPELL(1)

NAME aspell - interactive spell checker

SYNOPSIS aspell [options] <command>

DESCRIPTION aspell is a utility that can function as an ispell -a replacement, as an independent spell checker, as a test utility to test out Aspell fea- tures, and as a utility for managing dictionaries.

COMMANDS <command> is one of:

-?,help display the help message

-c,check file to spell-check a file

-a,pipe ispell -a compatibility mode

-list produce a list of misspelled words from standard input

[dump] config dump the current configuration to stdout

config key print the current value of an option

soundslike return the soundslike equivalent for each word entered

filter pass standard input through the same set of filters that would be used to spell check a document

-v,version print version number and exit

dump|create|merge master|personal|repl wordlist dump, create, or merge a master, personal, or replacement word list

DICTIONARY OPTIONS The following options may be used to control which dictionaries to use and how they behave.

-d,--master=string base name of the dictionary to use. If this option is specified then Aspell will either use this dictionary or die.

--dict-dir=dir location of the main word list

-l,--lang=string language to use, it follows the same format of the LANG environ- mental variable on most systems. It consists of the two letter ISO 639 language code and an optional two letter ISO 3166 coun- try code after a dash or underscore. The default value is based on the value of the LC_MESSAGES locale.

--size=string the preferred size of the word list

--jargon=string an extra information to distinguish two different words lists that have the same lang and size.

--word-list-path=list search path for word list information files

--module-search-order=list list of available modules, modules that come first on this list have a higher priority. Currently there is only one speller mod- ule.

-p,--personal=file personal word list file name

--repl=file replacements list file name

--extra-dicts=list extra dictionaries to use.

CHECKER OPTIONS These options control the behavior of Aspell when checking documents.

-W,--ignore=integer ignore words <= n chars

--ignore-case=boolean ignore case when checking words

--ignore-repl=boolean ignore commands to store replacement pairs

--save-repl=boolean save the replacement word list on save allkeyboard (file) the base name of the keyboard definition file to use (see section 4.4.3)

--sug-mode=mode suggestion mode = ultra | fast | normal | bad-spellers

FILTER OPTIONS These options modify the behavior of the various filters.

--filter=list add or removes a filter

--mode=string sets the filter mode. Mode is one if none, url, email, sgml, or tex. (The short cut options -e may be used for email, -H for Html/Sgml, or -t for Tex)

--encoding=string The encoding the input text is in. Valid values are utf-8, iso8859-*, koi8-r, viscii, cp1252, machine unsigned 16, machine unsigned 32. However, the Aspell utility will currently only function correctly with 8-bit encod- ings. utf-8 support is planned for the future. The two machine unsigned encodings are intended to be used by other programs using the Aspell library and it is unlikely the Aspell utility will ever support these encodings.

--add|rem-email-quote=list email quote characters

--email-margin=integer number of chars that can appear before the quote char

--sgml-check=list SGML attributes to always check

--sgml-extension=list SGML file extensions

--tex-command=list TeX commands

--tex-check-comments=boolean check TeX comments

RUN-TOGETHER WORD OPTIONS These may be used to control the behavior of run-together words.

-C|-B,--run-together=boolean consider run-together words legal

--run-together-limit=integer maximum numbers that can be strung together

--run-together-min=integer minimal length of interior words

MISC OPTIONS Miscellaneous options that don t fall under any other category.

--conf=file main configuration file

--conf-dir=dir location of main configuration file

--data-dir=dir location of language data files

--local-data-dir=dir alternative location of language data files. This directory is searched before data-dir. It defaults to the same directory the actual main word list is in (which is not necessarily dict-dir).

--home-dir=dir location for personal files

--per-conf=file personal configuration file

--prefix=dir prefix directory

UTILITY OPTIONS -b|-x--backup=boolean create a backup file by appending .bak to the file name. Only applies when the command is check.

--time=boolean time load time and suggest time in pipe mode.

--reverse=boolean reverse the order of the suggestions list

--keymapping=string the keymapping to use, either aspell for the default mapping or ispell to use the same mapping that the ispell utility uses

In addition Aspell will try to make sense out of ispell s command line options so that it can function as a drop in replacement for ispell. If Aspell is run without any command line options it will display a brief help screen and quit.

CONFIGURATION Aspell can also accept options via a personal or global configuration file. The exact files to used are specified by the options per-conf and conf respectfully but the personal configuration file is normally .aspell.conf located in the $HOME directory. Each line of the configu- ration file has the format:

option [value]

where option is any one of the standard library options above without the leading dashes. For example the following line will set the default language to Swiss German:

lang de_CH

There may any number of spaces between the option and the value however it can only be spaces, i.e. there is no = between the option name and the value. Comments may also be included by preceding them with a # as anything from a # to a newline is ignored. Blank lines are also allowed. Values set in the personal configuration file override those in the global file. Options specified at either the command line or via an environmental variable override those specified by either configura- tion file.

The global configuration file for Aspell is /etc/aspell.conf and the per user configuration file is ~/.aspell.conf

SEE ALSO run-with-aspell(1), word-list-compress(1), aspell-import(1)

Aspell is fully documented in its Texinfo manual. See the aspell entry in info for more complete documentation.

AUTHOR This manual page was written by Brian Nelson <> based on the Aspell Users Manual, Copyright © 2002 Kevin Atkinson.

GNU 2004-03-03 ASPELL(1)