LOGB

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
ATTRIBUTES
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

NAME

logb, logbf, logbl − get exponent of a floating-point value

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double logb(double x);
float logbf(float
x);
long double logbl(long double
x);

Link with −lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

logb():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

logbf(), logbl():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION

These functions extract the exponent from the internal floating-point representation of x and return it as a floating-point value. The integer constant FLT_RADIX, defined in <float.h>, indicates the radix used for the system’s floating-point representation. If FLT_RADIX is 2, logb(x) is equal to floor(log2(x)), except that it is probably faster.

If x is subnormal, logb() returns the exponent x would have if it were normalized.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the exponent of x.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is zero, then a pole error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively.

If x is negative infinity or positive infinity, then positive infinity is returned.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:
Pole error: x is 0

A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.

These functions do not set errno.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

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CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001.

SEE ALSO

ilogb(3), log(3)

COLOPHON

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