atoi, atol, atoll, atoq − convert a string to an integer
atoi(const char *nptr);
long atol(const char *nptr);
long long atoll(const char *nptr);
long long atoq(const char *nptr);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE ||
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
The atoi() function converts the initial portion of the string pointed to by nptr to int. The behavior is the same as
strtol(nptr, NULL, 10);
except that atoi() does not detect errors.
The atol() and atoll() functions behave the same as atoi(), except that they convert the initial portion of the string to their return type of long or long long. atoq() is an obsolete name for atoll().
The converted value.
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).
SVr4, POSIX.1-2001, 4.3BSD, C99. C89 and POSIX.1-1996 include the functions atoi() and atol() only. atoq() is a GNU extension.
The nonstandard atoq() function is not present in libc 4.6.27 or glibc 2, but is present in libc5 and libc 4.7 (though only as an inline function in <stdlib.h> until libc 5.4.44). The atoll() function is present in glibc 2 since version 2.0.2, but not in libc4 or libc5.
atof(3), strtod(3), strtol(3), strtoul(3)
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