SQRT

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
ATTRIBUTES
CONFORMING TO
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

NAME

sqrt, sqrtf, sqrtl − square root function

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

double sqrt(double x);
float sqrtf(float
x);
long double sqrtl(long double
x);

Link with −lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

sqrtf(), sqrtl():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION

The sqrt() function returns the nonnegative square root of x.

RETURN VALUE

On success, these functions return the square root of x.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is +0 (−0), +0 (−0) is returned.

If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.

If x is less than −0, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

ERRORS

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:
Domain error: x less than −0

errno is set to EDOM. An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.

ATTRIBUTES

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

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CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

SEE ALSO

cbrt(3), csqrt(3), hypot(3)

COLOPHON

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