# EXP

NAME

SYNOPSIS

DESCRIPTION

RETURN VALUE

ERRORS

ATTRIBUTES

CONFORMING TO

SEE ALSO

COLOPHON

## NAME

exp, expf, expl
− base-e exponential function

## SYNOPSIS

**#include
<math.h>**

**double
exp(double** *x***); **

float expf(float *x***); **

long double expl(long double *x***);**

Link with
*−lm*.

Feature Test
Macro Requirements for glibc (see
**feature_test_macros**(7)):

**expf**(),
**expl**():

_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE ||
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;

or *cc -std=c99*

## DESCRIPTION

The
**exp**() function returns the value of e (the base of
natural logarithms) raised to the power of *x*.

## RETURN VALUE

On success,
these functions return the exponential value of
*x*.

If *x* is
a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If *x* is
positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.

If *x* is
negative infinity, +0 is returned.

If the result
underflows, a range error occurs, and zero is returned.

If the result
overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return
+**HUGE_VAL**, +**HUGE_VALF**, or +**HUGE_VALL**,
respectively.

## ERRORS

See
**math_error**(7) for information on how to determine
whether an error has occurred when calling these
functions.

The following
errors can occur:

Range error, overflow

*errno* is set to
**ERANGE**. An overflow floating-point exception
(**FE_OVERFLOW**) is raised.

Range error, underflow

*errno* is set to
**ERANGE**. An underflow floating-point exception
(**FE_UNDERFLOW**) is raised.

## ATTRIBUTES

For an
explanation of the terms used in this section, see
**attributes**(7).

## CONFORMING TO

C99,
POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning *double* also
conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

## SEE ALSO

**cbrt**(3),
**cexp**(3), **exp10**(3), **exp2**(3),
**sqrt**(3)

## COLOPHON

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part of release 3.53 of the Linux *man-pages* project.
A description of the project, and information about
reporting bugs, can be found at
http://www.kernel.org/doc/man−pages/.