GETC(3P) POSIX Programmer s Manual GETC(3P)

PROLOG This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME getc - get a byte from a stream

SYNOPSIS #include <stdio.h>

int getc(FILE *stream);

DESCRIPTION The getc() function shall be equivalent to fgetc(), except that if it is implemented as a macro it may evaluate stream more than once, so the argument should never be an expression with side effects.

RETURN VALUE Refer to fgetc().

ERRORS Refer to fgetc().

The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES None.

APPLICATION USAGE If the integer value returned by getc() is stored into a variable of type char and then compared against the integer constant EOF, the com- parison may never succeed, because sign-extension of a variable of type char on widening to integer is implementation-defined.

Since it may be implemented as a macro, getc() may treat incorrectly a stream argument with side effects. In particular, getc(*f++) does not necessarily work as expected. Therefore, use of this function should be preceded by "#undef getc" in such situations; fgetc() could also be used.

RATIONALE None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS None.

SEE ALSO fgetc(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h>

COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group 2003 GETC(3P)