GAMMA(3) Linux Programmer s Manual GAMMA(3)

NAME gamma, gammaf, gammal - (logarithm of the) gamma function

SYNOPSIS #include <math.h>

double gamma(double x); float gammaf(float x); long double gammal(long double x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

gamma(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE gammaf(), gammal(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600

DESCRIPTION These functions are deprecated: instead, use either the tgamma(3) or the lgamma(3) functions, as appropriate.

For the definition of the Gamma function, see tgamma(3).

*BSD version The libm in 4.4BSD and some versions of FreeBSD had a gamma() function that computes the Gamma function, as one would expect.

glibc version Glibc has a gamma() function that is equivalent to lgamma(3) and com- putes the natural logarithm of the Gamma function.

RETURN VALUE See lgamma(3).

ERRORS See lgamma(3).

CONFORMING TO Because of historical variations in behavior across systems, this func- tion is not specified in any standard.

NOTES History 4.2BSD had a gamma() that computed ln(|Gamma(|x|)|), leaving the sign of Gamma(|x|) in the external integer signgam. In 4.3BSD the name was changed to lgamma(3), and the man page promises

"At some time in the future the name gamma will be rehabilitated and used for the Gamma function"

This did indeed happen in 4.4BSD, where gamma() computes the Gamma function (with no effect on signgam). However, this came too late, and we now have tgamma(3), the "true gamma" function.

SEE ALSO lgamma(3), signgam(3), tgamma(3)

COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at

GNU 2008-08-05 GAMMA(3)