FLOOR(3) Linux Programmer s Manual FLOOR(3)

NAME floor, floorf, floorl - largest integral value not greater than argu- ment

SYNOPSIS #include <math.h>

double floor(double x); float floorf(float x); long double floorl(long double x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

floorf(), floorl(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE; or cc -std=c99

DESCRIPTION These functions return the largest integral value that is not greater than x.

For example, floor(0.5) is 0.0, and floor(-0.5) is -1.0.

RETURN VALUE These functions return the floor of x.

If x is integral, +0, -0, NaN, or an infinity, x itself is returned.

ERRORS No errors occur. POSIX.1-2001 documents a range error for overflows, but see NOTES.

CONFORMING TO C99, POSIX.1-2001. The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

NOTES SUSv2 and POSIX.1-2001 contain text about overflow (which might set errno to ERANGE, or raise an FE_OVERFLOW exception). In practice, the result cannot overflow on any current machine, so this error-handling stuff is just nonsense. (More precisely, overflow can happen only when the maximum value of the exponent is smaller than the number of man- tissa bits. For the IEEE-754 standard 32-bit and 64-bit floating-point numbers the maximum value of the exponent is 128 (respectively, 1024), and the number of mantissa bits is 24 (respectively, 53).)

SEE ALSO ceil(3), lrint(3), nearbyint(3), rint(3), round(3), trunc(3)

COLOPHON This page is part of release 3.22 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

2008-10-06 FLOOR(3)