NGETTEXT(3) NGETTEXT(3)

NAME ngettext, dngettext, dcngettext - translate message and choose plural form

SYNOPSIS #include <libintl.h>

char * ngettext (const char * msgid, const char * msgid_plural, unsigned long int n); char * dngettext (const char * domainname, const char * msgid, const char * msgid_plural, unsigned long int n); char * dcngettext (const char * domainname, const char * msgid, const char * msgid_plural, unsigned long int n, int category);

DESCRIPTION The ngettext, dngettext and dcngettext functions attempt to translate a text string into the users native language, by looking up the appro- priate plural form of the translation in a message catalog.

Plural forms are grammatical variants depending on the a number. Some languages have two forms, called singular and plural. Other languages have three forms, called singular, dual and plural. There are also lan- guages with four forms.

The ngettext, dngettext and dcngettext functions work like the gettext, dgettext and dcgettext functions, respectively. Additionally, they choose the appropriate plural form, which depends on the number n and the language of the message catalog where the translation was found.

In the "C" locale, or if none of the used catalogs contain a transla- tion for msgid, the ngettext, dngettext and dcngettext functions return msgid if n == 1, or msgid_plural if n != 1.

RETURN VALUE If a translation was found in one of the specified catalogs, the appro- priate plural form is converted to the locales codeset and returned. The resulting string is statically allocated and must not be modified or freed. Otherwise msgid or msgid_plural is returned, as described above.

ERRORS errno is not modified.

BUGS The return type ought to be const char *, but is char * to avoid warn- ings in C code predating ANSI C.

SEE ALSO gettext(3), dgettext(3), dcgettext(3)

GNU gettext 0.17 May 2001 NGETTEXT(3)