DOVEADM-SEARCH-QUERY(7) Dovecot DOVEADM-SEARCH-QUERY(7)

NAME doveadm-search-query - Overview of search queries for doveadm mailbox commands

DESCRIPTION Several doveadm(1) commands use a search_query in order to act only on matching messages. This manual page describes all SEARCH KEYS, which can be used in a search_query.

Each search_query consists at least of one SEARCH KEY. Most of the SEARCH KEYS require an argument. All SEARCH KEYS are case-insensitive. The shortest valid search_query is ALL. For example:

doveadm search ALL

Multiple search query expressions will be combined with the AND opera- tor by default. To find all messages that are new and greater than 50 kilobyte, one can use:

doveadm search NEW LARGER 50k

OR-ed SEARCH KEYS have to be written in parenthesis, when mixing ANDs and ORs. Shells commonly require escaping for parentheses. To find messages that were saved on the "13th of April 2007" AND have the n and/or agged flag set, one can use for example:

doveadm search SAVEDON 2007-04-13 SEEN OR FLAGGED

It’s also possible to specify the mailbox, in which should be searched. Use either the keyword mailbox and the name of the mailbox or the key- word mailbox-guid and the mailbox’s globally unique identifier at the beginning of the search_query. To find all messages in the mailbox with the GUID "44f68b13ce97044b837f000035ca9452" use:

doveadm search mailbox-guid 44f68b13ce97044b837f000035ca9452 ALL

To list all deleted messages in the "Trash" folder use:

doveadm search mailbox Trash DELETED

SEARCH KEYS The following search keys from the specification of IMAP version 4 revision 1 (see: RFC 3501, section 6.4.4) are supported:

ALL Matches all messages.

ANSWERED Matches messages with the IMAP flag 0 BCC pattern Matches messages, which contain pattern in the BCC field of the message’s IMAP envelope structure.

BEFORE date specification Matches messages with an internal date before date specifica- tion.

BODY pattern Matches messages, which contain pattern in the body part.

CC pattern Matches messages, which contain pattern in the CC field of the message’s IMAP envelope structure.

DELETED Matches messages with the IMAP flag ted set.

DRAFT Matches messages with the IMAP flag FLAGGED Matches messages with the IMAP flag agged set.

FROM pattern Matches messages, which contain pattern in the FROM field of the message’s IMAP envelope structure.

HEADER field pattern Matches messages, which either have the named header field, when empty pattern was given. Or messages, where the given header field’s value contains the specified pattern.

KEYWORD keyword Matches messages with the given IMAP keyword (e.g. Forwarded) flag set.

LARGER size Matches messages that are larger than the specified size.

NEW Matches messages, which have the IMAP flag et but not the IMAP flag n.

NOT search key Inverse matching - matches massages, where the search doesn’t match the specified search key or its value.

OLD Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag et.

ON date specification Matches messages whose internal date matches the given date specification.

search key OR search key Matches messages where one of the OR-ed search keys matches. Note: IMAP4rev1 uses the syntax: OR search key search key

RECENT Matches messages with the IMAP flag et.

SEEN Matches messages with the IMAP flag n set.

SENTBEFORE date specification Matches messages with a Date: header before date specification.

SENTON date specification Matches messages with a Date: header matching the given date specification.

SENTSINCE date specification Matches messages with a Date: header matching or after the given date specification.

SINCE date specification Matches messages whose internal date is within or after the given date specification.

SMALLER size Matches messages with a size smaller than the given size.

SUBJECT pattern Matches messages, which contain pattern in the SUBJECT field of the message’s IMAP envelope structure.

TEXT pattern Matches messages, which contain pattern in the message body.

TO pattern Matches messages, which contain pattern in the TO field of the message’s IMAP envelope structure.

UID sequence Matches messages with the given UID(s). A sequence may be a single UID. Can be a sequence range, written as from:to, e.g. 100:125. As comma separated list of UIDs, e.g. 11,50,4. It’s also possible to combine multiple sequences, e.g. 1,3,5,7,10:20.

UNANSWERED Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag 0 UNDELETED Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag ted set.

UNDRAFT Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag UNFLAGGED Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag agged set.

UNKEYWORD keyword Matches messages, which do not have the given IMAP keyword flag set

UNSEEN Matches messages, which do not have the IMAP flag n set.

DOVEADM SEARCH KEYS Additional search keys, provided by doveadm(1).

SAVEDBEFORE date specification Matches messages, which were saved before date specification.

SAVEDON date specification Matches messages whose save date matches the given date specifi- cation.

SAVEDSINCE date specification Matches messages with a save date matching or after the given date specification.

DATE SPECIFICATION doveadm(1) supports a few additional date specification formats. They can be used anywhere, where a date specification value is obligatory.

day-month-year Default IMAP4rev1 date format. day, the day of month: 1-31. month, the abbreviated month name: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov or Dec. year, four digits of year, e.g. 2007. For example the "13th of April 2007" will be represented as 13-Apr-2007.

interval Combination of a positive integer number and a time unit. Available time units are: weeks (abbr: w), days (abbr: d), hours (abbr: h), mins (abbr: m) and secs (abbr: s). To match messages from last week, you may specify for example: since 1w, since 1weeks or since 7days.

Unix timestamp A 10 digit Unix timestamp, seconds since the 1st of January 1970, 00:00:00 UTC. For example the "13th of April 2007" will be represented as 1176418800.

YYYY-MM-DD Extended ISO-8601 calendar date format. For example the "13th of April 2007" will be represented as 2007-04-13.

SIZE doveadm(1) provides also an additional size representation format. The following formats can be used anywhere, where a size value is obliga- tory.

octets The message size in octets, as specified in the IMAP4rev1 speci- fication.

size The message size in B (byte), k (kilobyte), M (megabyte), G (gigabyte) or T (terabyte). To match messages, bigger than 1 megabyte, you may specify for example: larger 1M or larger 1024k.

SEE ALSO doveadm(1), doveadm-search(1)

Dovecot v2.0 2010-06-24 DOVEADM-SEARCH-QUERY(7)