CAPNG_CHANGE_ID(3) Libcap-ng API CAPNG_CHANGE_ID(3)

NAME capng_change_id - change the credentials retaining capabilities

SYNOPSIS #include <cap-ng.h>

int capng_change_id(int uid, int gid, capng_flags_t flag);

DESCRIPTION This function will change uid and gid to the ones given while retaining the capabilities previously specified in capng_update. It is not neces- sary and perhaps better if capng_apply has not been called prior to this function so that all necessary privileges are still intact. The caller is required to have CAP_SETPCAP capability still active before calling this function.

This function also takes a flag parameter that helps to tailor the exact actions performed by the function to secure the environment. The option may be ored together. The legal values are:

CAPNG_NO_FLAG Simply change uid and retain specified capabilities and thats all.

CAPNG_DROP_SUPP_GRP After changing id, remove and supplement groups that may come with the account.

CAPNG_CLEAR_BOUNDING After changing the uid and gid, clear the bounding set regardless to the internal representation already setup.

RETURN VALUE This returns 0 on success and a negative number on failure. -1 means capng has not been initted properly, -2 means a failure requesting to keep capabilities across the uid change, -3 means that applying the intermediate capabilities failed, -4 means changing gid failed, -5 means dropping supplemental groups failed, -6 means changing the uid failed, -7 means dropping the ability to retain caps across a uid change failed, -8 means clearing the bounding set failed, -9 means dropping CAP_SETPCAP failed.

Note: the only safe action to do upon failure of this function is to probably exit. This is because you are likely in a situation with par- tial permissions and not what you intended.

SEE ALSO capng_update(3), capng_apply(3), prctl(2), capabilities(7)

AUTHOR Steve Grubb

Red Hat June 2009 CAPNG_CHANGE_ID(3)