COS(3P) POSIX Programmer s Manual COS(3P)

PROLOG This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME cos, cosf, cosl - cosine function

SYNOPSIS #include <math.h>

double cos(double x); float cosf(float x); long double cosl(long double x);

DESCRIPTION These functions shall compute the cosine of their argument x, measured in radians.

An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

RETURN VALUE Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the cosine of x.

If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.

If x is ±0, the value 1.0 shall be returned.

If x is ±Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if sup- ported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.

ERRORS These functions shall fail if:

Domain Error The x argument is ±Inf.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES Taking the Cosine of a 45-Degree Angle #include <math.h> ... double radians = 45 * M_PI / 180; double result; ... result = cos(radians);

APPLICATION USAGE These functions may lose accuracy when their argument is near an odd multiple of pi/2 or is far from 0.

On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

RATIONALE None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS None.

SEE ALSO acos(), feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), sin(), tan(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, Section 4.18, Treat- ment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>

COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group 2003 COS(3P)