AUTOMOUNT(8) AUTOMOUNT(8)

NAME automount - manage autofs mount points

SYNOPSIS automount [options] [master_map]

DESCRIPTION The automount program is used to manage mount points for autofs, the inlined Linux automounter. automount works by reading the auto.master(5) map and sets up mount points for each entry in the mas- ter map allowing them to be automatically mounted when accessed. The file systems are then automatically umounted after a period of inactiv- ity.

OPTIONS -h, --help Print brief help on program usage.

-p, --pid-file Write the pid of the daemon to the specified file.

-t, --timeout Set the global minimum timeout, in seconds, until directories are unmounted. The default is 10 minutes. Setting the timeout to zero disables umounts completely.

-n <seconds>, --negative-timeout <seconds> Set the default timeout for caching failed key lookups. The de- fault is 60 seconds.

-v, --verbose Enables logging of general status and progress messages for all autofs managed mounts.

-d, --debug Enables logging of general status and progress messages as well as debuging messages for all autofs managed mounts.

-Dvariable=value Define a global macro substitution variable. Global definitions are over-ridden macro definitions of the same name specified in mount entries.

-f, --foreground Run the daemon in the forground and log to stderr instead of syslog."

-r, --random-multimount-selection Enables the use of ramdom selection when choosing a host from a list of replicated servers.

-m, --dumpmaps Dump configured automounter maps, then exit.

-O, --global-options Allows the specification of global mount options used for all master map entries. These options will either replace or be ap- pened to options given in a master map entry depending on the APPEND_OPTIONS configuration setting.

-V, --version Display the version number, then exit.

-l, --set-log-priority priority path [path,...] Set the daemon log priority to the specified value. Valid val- ues include the numbers 0-7, or the strings emerg, alert, crit, err, warning, notice, info, or debug. Log level debug will log everything, log levels info, warn (or warning), or notice with enable the daemon verbose logging. Any other level will set ba- sic logging. Note that enabling debug or verbose logging in the autofs global configuration will override dynamic log level changes. For example, if verbose logging is set in the configu- ration then attempting to set logging to basic logging, by using alert, crit, err or emerg won t stop the verbose logging. Howev- er, setting logging to debug will lead to everything (debug log- ging) being logged witch can then also be disabled, returning the daemon to verbose logging. This option can be specified to change the logging priority of an already running automount pro- cess.

The path argument corresponds to the automounted path name as specified in the master map.

-C, --dont-check-daemon Dont check if the daemon is currently running (see NOTES).

-F, --force Force an unlink umount of existing mounts under autofs managed mount points during startup. This can cause problems for pro- cesses with working directories within these mounts (see NOTES).

ARGUMENTS automount takes one optional argument, the name of the master map to use.

master_map Location for autofs master map that defines autofs managed mount points and the mount maps they will use. The default is auto.master.

NOTES If the automount daemon catches a USR1 signal, it will umount all cur- rently unused autofs managed mounted file systems and continue running (forced expire). If it catches the TERM signal it will umount all un- used autofs managed mounted file systems and exit if there are no re- maining busy file systems. If autofs has been compiled with the option to ignore busy mounts on exit it will exit leaving any busy mounts in place otherwise busy file systems will not be umounted and autofs will not exit. Alternatively, if autofs has been compiled with the option to enable forced shutdown then a USR2 signal to the daemon will cause all mounts to be umounted and any busy mounts to be forcibly umounted, including autofs mount point directories (summary execution). Note that the forced umount is an unlink operation and the actual umount will not happen in the kernel until active file handles are released. The dae- mon also responds to a HUP signal which triggers an update of the maps for each mount point.

If any autofs mount point directories are busy when the daemon is sent an exit signal the daemon will not exit. The exception to this is if autofs has been built with configure options to either ignore busy mounts at exit or force umount at exit. If the ignore busy mounts at exit option is used the filesystems will be left in a catatonic (non- functional) state and can be manually umounted when they become unused. If the force umount at exit option is used the filesystems will be umounted but the mount will not be released by the kernel until they are no longer in use by the processes that held them busy. If auto- mount managed filesystems are found mounted when autofs is started they will be recoverd unless they are no longer present in the map in which case they need to umounted manually.

If the option to disable the check to see if the daemon is already run- ning is used be aware that autofs currently may not function correctly for certain types of automount maps. The mounts of the seperate daemons might interfere with one another. The implications of running multiple daemon instances needs to be checked and tested before we can say this is supported.

If the option to force an unlink of mounts at startup is used then pro- cesses whose working directory is within unlinked automounted directo- ries will not get the correct pwd from the system. This is because, af- ter the mount is unlinked from the mount tree, anything that needs to walk back up the mount tree to construct a path, such as getcwd(2) and the proc filesystem /proc/<pid>/cwd, cannot work because the point from which the path is constructed has been detached from the mount tree.

SEE ALSO autofs(5), autofs(8), auto.master(5), mount(8). aut- ofs_ldap_auth.conf(5)

BUGS Dont know, Ive fixed everything I know about.

The documentation could be better.

Please report other bugs along with a detailed description to <aut- ofs@linux.kernel.org>. For instructions on how to join the list and for archives visit http://linux.kernel.org/mailman/listinfo/autofs

AUTHOR H. Peter Anvin <hpa@transmeta.com> and Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net>.

12 Apr 2006 AUTOMOUNT(8)