FSTAB(5) Linux Programmer s Manual FSTAB(5)
NAME fstab - static information about the filesystems
SYNOPSIS #include <fstab.h>
DESCRIPTION The file fstab contains descriptive information about the various file systems. fstab is only read by programs, and not written; it is the duty of the system administrator to properly create and maintain this file. Each filesystem is described on a separate line; fields on each line are separated by tabs or spaces. Lines starting with # are com- ments. blank lines are ignored. The order of records in fstab is important because fsck(8), mount(8), and umount(8) sequentially iterate through fstab doing their thing.
The first field, (fs_spec), describes the block special device or remote filesystem to be mounted.
For ordinary mounts it will hold (a link to) a block special device node (as created by mknod(8)) for the device to be mounted, like /dev/cdrom or /dev/sdb7. For NFS mounts one will have <host>:<dir>, e.g., knuth.aeb.nl:/. For procfs, use proc.
Instead of giving the device explicitly, one may indicate the (ext2 or xfs) filesystem that is to be mounted by its UUID or volume label (cf. e2label(8) or xfs_admin(8)), writing LABEL=<label> or UUID=<uuid>, e.g., LABEL=Boot or UUID=3e6be9de-8139-11d1-9106-a43f08d823a6. This will make the system more robust: adding or removing a SCSI disk changes the disk device name but not the filesystem volume label.
The second field, (fs_file), describes the mount point for the filesys- tem. For swap partitions, this field should be specified as none. If the name of the mount point contains spaces these can be escaped as 40.
The third field, (fs_vfstype), describes the type of the filesystem. Linux supports lots of filesystem types, such as adfs, affs, autofs, coda, coherent, cramfs, devpts, efs, ext2, ext3, hfs, hpfs, iso9660, jfs, minix, msdos, ncpfs, nfs, ntfs, proc, qnx4, reiserfs, romfs, smbfs, sysv, tmpfs, udf, ufs, umsdos, vfat, xenix, xfs, and possibly others. For more details, see mount(8). For the filesystems currently supported by the running kernel, see /proc/filesystems. An entry swap denotes a file or partition to be used for swapping, cf. swapon(8). An entry ignore causes the line to be ignored. This is useful to show disk partitions which are currently unused. An entry none is useful for bind or move mounts.
mount(8) and umount(8) support filesystem subtypes. The subtype is defined by .subtype suffix. For example fuse.sshfs. It s recom- mended to use subtype notation rather than add any prefix to the first fstab field (for example sshfs#example.com is depreacated).
The fourth field, (fs_mntops), describes the mount options associated with the filesystem.
It is formatted as a comma separated list of options. It contains at least the type of mount plus any additional options appropriate to the filesystem type. For documentation on the available options for non- nfs file systems, see mount(8). For documentation on all nfs-specific options have a look at nfs(5). Common for all types of file system are the options noauto (do not mount when "mount -a" is given, e.g., at boot time), user (allow a user to mount), and owner (allow device owner to mount), and comment (e.g., for use by fstab-main- taining programs). The owner and comment options are Linux- specific. For more details, see mount(8).
The fifth field, (fs_freq), is used for these filesystems by the dump(8) command to determine which filesystems need to be dumped. If the fifth field is not present, a value of zero is returned and dump will assume that the filesystem does not need to be dumped.
The sixth field, (fs_passno), is used by the fsck(8) program to deter- mine the order in which filesystem checks are done at reboot time. The root filesystem should be specified with a fs_passno of 1, and other filesystems should have a fs_passno of 2. Filesystems within a drive will be checked sequentially, but filesystems on different drives will be checked at the same time to utilize parallelism available in the hardware. If the sixth field is not present or zero, a value of zero is returned and fsck will assume that the filesystem does not need to be checked.
The proper way to read records from fstab is to use the routines getmn- tent(3).
SEE ALSO getmntent(3), mount(8), swapon(8), fs(5), nfs(5)
HISTORY The ancestor of this fstab file format appeared in 4.0BSD.
AVAILABILITY This man page is part of the util-linux-ng package and is available from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux-ng/.
Linux 2.2 15 June 1999 FSTAB(5)