FGETS(3P) POSIX Programmer s Manual FGETS(3P)

PROLOG This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME fgets - get a string from a stream

SYNOPSIS #include <stdio.h>

char *fgets(char *restrict s, int n, FILE *restrict stream);

DESCRIPTION The fgets() function shall read bytes from stream into the array pointed to by s, until n-1 bytes are read, or a <newline> is read and transferred to s, or an end-of-file condition is encountered. The string is then terminated with a null byte.

The fgets() function may mark the st_atime field of the file associated with stream for update. The st_atime field shall be marked for update by the first successful execution of fgetc(), fgets(), fgetwc(), fgetws(), fread(), fscanf(), getc(), getchar(), gets(), or scanf() using stream that returns data not supplied by a prior call to ungetc() or ungetwc().

RETURN VALUE Upon successful completion, fgets() shall return s. If the stream is at end-of-file, the end-of-file indicator for the stream shall be set and fgets() shall return a null pointer. If a read error occurs, the error indicator for the stream shall be set, fgets() shall return a null pointer, and shall set errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS Refer to fgetc().

The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES Reading Input The following example uses fgets() to read each line of input. {LINE_MAX}, which defines the maximum size of the input line, is defined in the <limits.h> header.

#include <stdio.h> ... char line[LINE_MAX]; ... while (fgets(line, LINE_MAX, fp) != NULL) { ... } ...

APPLICATION USAGE None.

RATIONALE None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS None.

SEE ALSO fopen(), fread(), gets(), the Base Definitions volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001, <stdio.h>

COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group 2003 FGETS(3P)