CHOWN(1) User Commands CHOWN(1)
NAME chown - change file owner and group
SYNOPSIS chown [OPTION]... [OWNER][:[GROUP]] FILE... chown [OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...
DESCRIPTION This manual page documents the GNU version of chown. chown changes the user and/or group ownership of each given file. If only an owner (a user name or numeric user ID) is given, that user is made the owner of each given file, and the files group is not changed. If the owner is followed by a colon and a group name (or numeric group ID), with no spaces between them, the group ownership of the files is changed as well. If a colon but no group name follows the user name, that user is made the owner of the files and the group of the files is changed to that users login group. If the colon and group are given, but the owner is omitted, only the group of the files is changed; in this case, chown performs the same function as chgrp. If only a colon is given, or if the entire operand is empty, neither the owner nor the group is changed.
OPTIONS Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP. With --reference, change the owner and group of each FILE to those of RFILE.
-c, --changes like verbose but report only when a change is made
--dereference affect the referent of each symbolic link (this is the default), rather than the symbolic link itself
-h, --no-dereference affect each symbolic link instead of any referenced file (useful only on systems that can change the ownership of a symlink)
--from=CURRENT_OWNER:CURRENT_GROUP change the owner and/or group of each file only if its current owner and/or group match those specified here. Either may be omitted, in which case a match is not required for the omitted attribute.
--no-preserve-root do not treat / specially (the default)
--preserve-root fail to operate recursively on /
-f, --silent, --quiet suppress most error messages
--reference=RFILE use RFILEs owner and group rather than specifying OWNER:GROUP values
-R, --recursive operate on files and directories recursively
-v, --verbose output a diagnostic for every file processed
The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R option is also specified. If more than one is specified, only the final one takes effect.
-H if a command line argument is a symbolic link to a directory, traverse it
-L traverse every symbolic link to a directory encountered
-P do not traverse any symbolic links (default)
--help display this help and exit
--version output version information and exit
Owner is unchanged if missing. Group is unchanged if missing, but changed to login group if implied by a : following a symbolic OWNER. OWNER and GROUP may be numeric as well as symbolic.
EXAMPLES chown root /u Change the owner of /u to "root".
chown root:staff /u Likewise, but also change its group to "staff".
chown -hR root /u Change the owner of /u and subfiles to "root".
AUTHOR Written by David MacKenzie and Jim Meyering.
REPORTING BUGS Report chown bugs to firstname.lastname@example.org GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/> Report chown translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>
COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
SEE ALSO chown(2)
The full documentation for chown is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and chown programs are properly installed at your site, the command
info coreutils ’chown invocation’
should give you access to the complete manual.
GNU coreutils 8.4 March 2011 CHOWN(1)