CAT(1) User Commands CAT(1)

NAME cat - concatenate files and print on the standard output

SYNOPSIS cat [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION Concatenate FILE(s), or standard input, to standard output.

-A, --show-all equivalent to -vET

-b, --number-nonblank number nonempty output lines

-e equivalent to -vE

-E, --show-ends display $ at end of each line

-n, --number number all output lines

-s, --squeeze-blank suppress repeated empty output lines

-t equivalent to -vT

-T, --show-tabs display TAB characters as ^I

-u (ignored)

-v, --show-nonprinting use ^ and M- notation, except for LFD and TAB

--help display this help and exit

--version output version information and exit

With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

EXAMPLES cat f - g Output f s contents, then standard input, then gs contents.

cat Copy standard input to standard output.

AUTHOR Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

REPORTING BUGS Report cat bugs to bug-coreutils@gnu.org GNU coreutils home page: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> General help using GNU software: <http://www.gnu.org/gethelp/> Report cat translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO The full documentation for cat is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and cat programs are properly installed at your site, the com- mand

info coreutils ’cat invocation’

should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.4 March 2011 CAT(1)