CREATEUSER(1) PostgreSQL Client Applications CREATEUSER(1)

NAME createuser - define a new PostgreSQL user account

SYNOPSIS createuser [ option... ] [ username ]

DESCRIPTION createuser creates a new PostgreSQL user (or more precisely, a role). Only superusers and users with CREATEROLE privilege can create new users, so createuser must be invoked by someone who can connect as a superuser or a user with CREATEROLE privilege.

If you wish to create a new superuser, you must connect as a superuser, not merely with CREATEROLE privilege. Being a superuser implies the ability to bypass all access permission checks within the database, so superuserdom should not be granted lightly.

createuser is a wrapper around the SQL command CREATE ROLE [cre- ate_role(7)]. There is no effective difference between creating users via this utility and via other methods for accessing the server.

OPTIONS createuser accepts the following command-line arguments:

username Specifies the name of the PostgreSQL user to be created. This name must be different from all existing roles in this Post- greSQL installation.

-s

--superuser The new user will be a superuser.

-S

--no-superuser The new user will not be a superuser. This is the default.

-d

--createdb The new user will be allowed to create databases.

-D

--no-createdb The new user will not be allowed to create databases. This is the default.

-r

--createrole The new user will be allowed to create new roles (that is, this user will have CREATEROLE privilege).

-R

--no-createrole The new user will not be allowed to create new roles. This is the default.

-l

--login The new user will be allowed to log in (that is, the user name can be used as the initial session user identifier). This is the default.

-L

--no-login The new user will not be allowed to log in. (A role without login privilege is still useful as a means of managing database permissions.)

-i

--inherit The new role will automatically inherit privileges of roles it is a member of. This is the default.

-I

--no-inherit The new role will not automatically inherit privileges of roles it is a member of.

-c number

--connection-limit number Set a maximum number of connections for the new user. The default is to set no limit.

-P

--pwprompt If given, createuser will issue a prompt for the password of the new user. This is not necessary if you do not plan on using password authentication.

-E

--encrypted Encrypts the user s password stored in the database. If not specified, the default password behavior is used.

-N

--unencrypted Does not encrypt the users password stored in the database. If not specified, the default password behavior is used.

-e

--echo Echo the commands that createuser generates and sends to the server.

You will be prompted for a name and other missing information if it is not specified on the command line.

createuser also accepts the following command-line arguments for con- nection parameters:

-h host

--host host Specifies the host name of the machine on which the server is running. If the value begins with a slash, it is used as the directory for the Unix domain socket.

-p port

--port port Specifies the TCP port or local Unix domain socket file exten- sion on which the server is listening for connections.

-U username

--username username User name to connect as (not the user name to create).

-w

--no-password Never issue a password prompt. If the server requires password authentication and a password is not available by other means such as a .pgpass file, the connection attempt will fail. This option can be useful in batch jobs and scripts where no user is present to enter a password.

-W

--password Force createuser to prompt for a password (for connecting to the server, not for the password of the new user).

This option is never essential, since createuser will automati- cally prompt for a password if the server demands password authentication. However, createuser will waste a connection attempt finding out that the server wants a password. In some cases it is worth typing -W to avoid the extra connection attempt.

ENVIRONMENT PGHOST

PGPORT

PGUSER Default connection parameters

This utility, like most other PostgreSQL utilities, also uses the envi- ronment variables supported by libpq (see in the documentation).

DIAGNOSTICS In case of difficulty, see CREATE ROLE [create_role(7)] and psql(1) for discussions of potential problems and error messages. The database server must be running at the targeted host. Also, any default connec- tion settings and environment variables used by the libpq front-end library will apply.

EXAMPLES To create a user joe on the default database server:

$ createuser joe Shall the new role be a superuser? (y/n) n Shall the new role be allowed to create databases? (y/n) n Shall the new role be allowed to create more new roles? (y/n) n

To create the same user joe using the server on host eden, port 5000, avoiding the prompts and taking a look at the underlying command:

$ createuser -h eden -p 5000 -S -D -R -e joe CREATE ROLE joe NOSUPERUSER NOCREATEDB NOCREATEROLE INHERIT LOGIN;

To create the user joe as a superuser, and assign a password immedi- ately:

$ createuser -P -s -e joe Enter password for new role: xyzzy Enter it again: xyzzy CREATE ROLE joe PASSWORD md5b5f5ba1a423792b526f799ae4eb3d59e SUPERUSER CREATEDB CREATEROLE INHERIT LOGIN;

In the above example, the new password isnt actually echoed when typed, but we show what was typed for clarity. As you see, the password is encrypted before it is sent to the client. If the option --unen- crypted is used, the password will appear in the echoed command (and possibly also in the server log and elsewhere), so you dont want to use -e in that case, if anyone else can see your screen.

SEE ALSO dropuser(1), CREATE ROLE [create_role(7)]

Application 2010-05-14 CREATEUSER(1)