NAME c3270 - curses-based IBM host access tool
SYNOPSIS c3270 [options] [host]
DESCRIPTION c3270 opens a telnet connection to an IBM host in a console window. It implements RFCs 2355 (TN3270E), 1576 (TN3270) and 1646 (LU name selec- tion), and supports IND$FILE file transfer. If the console is capable of displaying colors, then c3270 emulates an IBM 3279. Otherwise, it emulates a 3278.
The full syntax for host is: [prefix:]...[LUname@]hostname[:port]
Prepending a P: onto hostname causes the connection to go through the telnet-passthru service rather than directly to the host. See PASSTHRU below.
Prepending an S: onto hostname removes the "extended data stream" option reported to the host. See -tn below for further information.
Prepending an N: onto hostname turns off TN3270E support for the ses- sion.
Prepending an L: onto hostname causes c3270 to first create an SSL tun- nel to the host, and then create a TN3270 session inside the tunnel. (This function is supported only if c3270 was built with SSL/TLS sup- port). Note that TLS-encrypted sessions using the TELNET START-TLS option are negotiated with the host automatically; for these sessions the L: prefix should not be used.
A specific LU name to use may be specified by prepending it to the hostname with an @. Multiple LU names to try can be separated by commas. An empty LU can be placed in the list with an extra comma.
The hostname may optionally be placed inside square-bracket characters [ and ]. This will prevent any colon : characters in the host- name from being interpreted as indicating option prefixes or port num- bers. This allows numeric IPv6 addresses to be used as hostnames.
On systems that support the forkpty library call, the hostname may be replaced with -e and a command string. This will cause c3270 to con- nect to a local child process, such as a shell.
The port to connect to defaults to telnet. This can be overridden with the -port option, or by appending a port to the hostname with a colon : . (For compatability with previous versions of c3270 and with tn3270(1), the port may also be specified as a second, separate argu- ment.)
OPTIONS c3270 understands the following options:
-allbold Forces all characters to be displayed in bold. This helps with PC consoles which display non-bold characters in unreadably dim colors. All-bold mode is the default for color displays, but not for monochrome displays.
-altscreen rowsxcols=init_string Defines the dimensions and escape sequence for the alternate (132-column) screen mode. See SCREEN SIZE SWITCHING, below.
-cbreak Causes c3270 to operate in cbreak mode, instead of raw mode. In cbreak mode, the TTY driver will properly process XOFF and XON characters, which are required by some terminals for proper operation. However, those characters (usually ^S and ^Q), as well as the characters for interrupt, quit, and lnext (usually ^C, ^ and ^V respectively) will be seen by c3270 only if pre- ceded by the lnext character. The susp character (usually ^Z) cannot be seen by c3270 at all.
-charset name Specifies an EBCDIC host character set. See CHARACTER SETS below.
-clear toggle Sets the initial value of toggle to false. The list of toggle names is under TOGGLES below.
-defscreen rowsxcols=init_string Defines the dimensions and escape sequence for the default (80-column) screen mode. See SCREEN SIZE SWITCHING, below.
-hostsfile file Uses file as the hosts file, which allows aliases for host names and scripts to be executed at login. See ibm_hosts(1) for details.
-im method Specifies the name of the input method to use for multi-byte input. (Supported only when c3270 is compiled with DBCS sup- port.)
-keymap name Specifies a keyboard map to be found in the resource c3270.keymap.name or the file name. See KEYMAPS below for details.
-km name Specifies the local encoding method for multi-byte text. name is an encoding name recognized by the ICU library. (Supported only when c3270 is compiled with DBCS support, and necessary only when c3270 cannot figure it out from the locale.)
-model name The model of 3270 display to be emulated. The model name is in two parts, either of which may be omitted:
The first part is the base model, which is either 3278 or 3279. 3278 specifies a monochrome (green on black) 3270 display; 3279 specifies a color 3270 display.
The second part is the model number, which specifies the number of rows and columns. Model 4 is the default.
Model Number Columns Rows ------------------------------ 2 80 24 3 80 30
4 80 43 5 132 27
Note: Technically, there is no such 3270 display as a 3279-4 or 3279-5, but most hosts seem to work with them anyway.
The default model for a color display is 3279-4. For a monochrome display, it is 3278-4.
-mono Prevents c3270 from using color, ignoring any color capabilities reported by the terminal.
-oversize colsxrows Makes the screen larger than the default for the chosen model number. This option has effect only in combination with extended data stream support (controlled by the "c3270.extended" resource), and only if the host supports the Query Reply structured field. The number of columns multiplied by the number of rows must not exceed 16383 (3fff hex), the limit of 14-bit 3270 buffer addressing.
-port n Specifies a different TCP port to connect to. n can be a name from /etc/services like telnet, or a number. This option changes the default port number used for all connections. (The positional parameter affects only the initial connection.)
-proxy type:host[:port] Causes c3270 to connect via the specified proxy, instead of using a direct connection. The host can be an IP address or hostname. The optional port can be a number or a service name. For a list of supported proxy types, see PROXY below.
-printerlu luname Causes c3270 to automatically start a pr3287 printer session. If luname is ".", then the printer session will be associated with the interactive terminal session (this requires that the host support TN3270E). Otherwise, the value is used as the explicit LU name to associate with the printer session.
-secure Disables the interactive c3270> prompt. When used, a hostname must be provided on the command line.
-set toggle Sets the initial value of toggle to true. The list of toggle names is under TOGGLES below.
-socket Causes the emulator to create a Unix-domain socket when it starts, for use by script processes to send commands to the emulator. The socket is named /tmp/x3sck.process_id. The -p option of x3270if causes it to use this socket, instead of pipes specified by environment variables.
-tn name Specifies the terminal name to be transmitted over the telnet connection. The default name is IBM-model_name-E, for example, IBM-3279-4-E for a color display, or IBM-3278-4-E for a monochrome display.
Some hosts are confused by the -E suffix on the terminal name, and will ignore the extra screen area on models 3, 4 and 5. Prepending an s: on the hostname, or setting the "c3270.extended" resource to "false", removes the -E from the terminal name when connecting to such hosts.
The name can also be specified with the "c3270.termName" resource.
-trace Turns on data stream and event tracing at startup. The default trace file name is /tmp/x3trc.process_id.
-tracefile file Specifies a file to save data stream and event traces into.
-tracefilesize size Places a limit on the size of a trace file. If this option is not specified, or is specified as 0 or none, the trace file will be unlimited. If specified, the trace file cannot already exist, and the (silently enforced) minimum size is 64 Kbytes. The value of size can have a K or M suffix, indicating kilobytes or megabytes respectively.
-xrm "c3270.resource: value" Sets the value of the named resource to value. Resources control less common c3270 options, and are defined under RESOURCES below.
MODES c3270 has two basic modes: command-prompt and session.
Command-prompt mode is where the c3270> prompt is displayed. Interactive commands can be entered at this prompt, to connect to a host, disconnect from a host, transfer files, display statistics, exit c3270, etc. The complete list of interactive commands is listed under ACTIONS.
Session mode is where the emulated 3270 screen is displayed; keyboard commands cause the display buffer to be modified or data to be sent to the host.
To switch from display mode to command-prompt mode, press Ctrl-]. To switch from command-prompt mode to display mode, press Enter (without entering a command) at the c3270> prompt.
CHARACTER SETS The -charset option or the "c3270.charset" resource controls the EBCDIC host character set used by c3270. Available sets include:
Charset Name Code Page Display Character Sets ----------------------------------------------------- apl 37 3270cg-1a belgian 500 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 bracket 37 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 brazilian 275 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 cp1047 cp1047 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 finnish 278 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 french 297 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 german 273 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 icelandic 871 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1
hebrew 424 iso8859-8 italian 280 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 japanese 1027+300 jisx0201.1976-0 + jisx0208.1983-0 norwegian 277 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 russian 880 koi8-r simplified-chinese 836+837 3270cg-1a iso8859-1 + gb2312.1980-0 slovenian 870 iso8859-2 spanish 284 iso8859-1 thai 838 iso8859-11 tis620.2529-0 turkish 1026 iso8859-9 uk 285 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1 us-intl 37 3270cg-1a 3270-cg1 iso8859-1
The default character set is bracket, which is useful for common IBM hosts which use EBCDIC codes 0xAD and 0xBD for the [ and ] characters, respectively.
HOSTS DATABASE c3270 uses the ibm_hosts database to define aliases for host names, and to specify macros to be executed when a connection is first made. See ibm_hosts(5) for details.
You may specify a different ibm_hosts database with the "c3270.hostsFile" resource.
NVT (ANSI) MODE Some hosts use an ASCII front-end to do initial login negotiation, then later switch to 3270 mode. c3270 will emulate an ANSI X.64 terminal until the host places it in 3270 mode (telnet BINARY and SEND EOR modes, or TN3270E mode negotiation).
If the host later negotiates to stop functioning in 3270 mode, c3270 will return to ANSI emulation.
In NVT mode, c3270 supports both character-at-a-time mode and line mode operation. You may select the mode with a menu option. When in line mode, the special characters and operational characteristics are defined by resources:
Mode/Character Resource Default --------------------------------------------- Translate CR to NL c3270.icrnl true Translate NL to CR c3270.inlcr false Erase previous c3270.erase ^? character Erase entire line c3270.kill ^U Erase previous word c3270.werase ^W Redisplay line c3270.rprnt ^R Ignore special c3270.lnext ^V meaning of next character Interrupt c3270.intr ^C Quit c3270.quit ^ End of file c3270.eof ^D
Separate keymaps can be defined for use only when c3270 is in 3270 mode or NVT mode. See KEYMAPS for details.
TOGGLES c3270 has a number of configurable modes which may be selected by the -set and -clear options.
monoCase If set, c3270 operates in uppercase-only mode.
blankFill If set, c3270 behaves in some un-3270-like ways. First, when a character is typed into a field, all nulls in the field to the left of that character are changed to blanks. This eliminates a common 3270 data-entry surprise. Second, in insert mode, trailing blanks in a field are treated like nulls, eliminating the annoying lock-up that often occurs when inserting into an field with (apparent) space at the end.
lineWrap If set, the ANSI terminal emulator automatically assumes a NEWLINE character when it reaches the end of a line.
The names of the toggles for use with the -set and -clear options are as follows:
Option Name ------------------------------------- Monocase monoCase Blank Fill blankFill Track Cursor cursorPos Trace Data Stream dsTrace Trace Events eventTrace Save Screen(s) in File screenTrace Wraparound lineWrap
These names are also used as the first parameter to the Toggle action.
STATUS LINE If the terminal that c3270 is running on has at least one more row that the 3270 model requires (e.g., 25 rows for a model 2), c3270 will display a status line. The c3270 status line contains a variety of information. From left to right, the fields are:
comm status The first symbol is always a 4. If c3270 is in TN3270E mode, the second symbol is a B; otherwise it is an A. If c3270 is in SSCP-LU mode, the third symbol is an S. Otherwise it is blank.
keyboard lock If the keyboard is locked, an "X" symbol and a message field indicate the reason for the keyboard lock.
typeahead The letter "T" indicates that one or more keystrokes are in the typeahead buffer.
temporary keymap The letter "K" indicates that a temporary keymap is in effect.
reverse The letter "R" indicates that the keyboard is in reverse field entry mode.
insert mode The letter "I" indicates that the keyboard is in insert mode.
printer session The letter "P" indicates that a pr3287 session is active.
secure connection A green letter "S" indicates that the connection is secured via SSL/TLS.
LU name The LU name associated with the session, if there is one.
cursor position The cursor row and column are optionally displayed, separated by a "/".
ACTIONS Here is a complete list of basic c3270 actions. Script-specific actions are described on the x3270-script(1) manual page.
Actions marked with an asterisk (*) may block, sending data to the host and possibly waiting for a response.
*Attn attention key BackSpace move cursor left (or send ASCII BS) BackTab tab to start of previous input field CircumNot input "^" in NVT mode, or "notsign" in 3270 mode *Clear clear screen Compose next two keys form a special symbol *Connect(host) connect to host *CursorSelect Cursor Select AID Delete delete character under cursor (or send ASCII DEL) DeleteField delete the entire field DeleteWord delete the current or previous word *Disconnect disconnect from host Down move cursor down Dup duplicate field *Enter Enter AID (or send ASCII CR) Erase erase previous character (or send ASCII BS) EraseEOF erase to end of current field EraseInput erase all input fields Escape escape to c3270> prompt Execute(cmd) execute a command in a shell FieldEnd move cursor to end of field FieldMark mark field HexString(hex_digits) insert control-character string Home move cursor to first input field Insert set insert mode *Interrupt send TELNET IP to host Key(keysym) insert key keysym Key(0xxx) insert key with ASCII code xx Left move cursor left Left2 move cursor left 2 positions MonoCase toggle uppercase-only mode MoveCursor(row, col) move cursor to (row,col) Newline move cursor to first field on next line (or send ASCII LF) NextWord move cursor to next word *PA(n) Program Attention AID (n from 1 to 3)
*PF(n) Program Function AID (n from 1 to 24) PreviousWord move cursor to previous word Printer(Start[,lu]|Stop) start or stop printer session PrintText(command) print screen text on printer Quit exit c3270 Redraw redraw window Reset reset locked keyboard Right move cursor right Right2 move cursor right 2 positions *Script(command[,arg...]) run a script *String(string) insert string (simple macro facility) *SysReq System Request AID Tab move cursor to next input field Toggle(option[,set|clear]) toggle an option ToggleInsert toggle insert mode ToggleReverse toggle reverse-input mode *Transfer(option=value...) file transfer Up move cursor up ignore do nothing
Any of the above actions may be entered at the c3270> prompt; these commands are also available for use in keymaps (see KEYMAPS). Command names are case-insensitive. Parameters can be specified with parentheses and commas, e.g.: PF(1) or with spaces, e.g.: PF 1 Parameters can be quoted with double-quote characters, to allow spaces, commas, and parentheses to be used.
c3270 also supports the following interactive commands:
Help Displays a list of available commands.
Show Displays statistics and settings.
Trace Turns tracing on or off. The command trace on enables data stream and keyboard event tracing; the command trace off disables it. The qualifier data or keyboard can be specified before on or off to enable or disable a particular trace. After on, a filename may be specified to override the default trace file name of /tmp/x3trc.pid.
KEYMAPS The -keymap option or the c3270.keymap resource allow a custom keymap to be specified. If the option -keymap xxx is given (or the c3270.keymap resource has the value xxx), c3270 will look for a resource named c3270.keymap.xxx. If no resource definition is found, it will look for a file named xxx.
Multiple keymaps may be specified be separating their names with commas. Definitions in later keymaps supercede those in earlier keymaps.
In addition, separate keymaps may be defined that apply only in 3270 mode or NVT mode. For example, the resource definition c3270.keymap.xxx.nvt or the file xxx.nvt will augment the definition of keymap xxx in NVT mode. Similarly, the resource definition c3270.keymap.xxx.3270 or the file xxx.3270 will augment the definition of keymap xxx in 3270 mode.
Each line (rule) in a keymap specifies actions to perform when a particular key or sequence of keys is pressed. Keymap rules have the following syntax:
[Meta][Ctrl]<Key>key...: action[(param[,...])] ...
Here is a sample keymap definition from a file:
! Lines beginning with ! are ignored and can ! occur anywhere. ! Definition of keymap xxx ! When Alt-c is pressed, clear the screen. Alt<Key>c: Clear() ! When PageUp is pressed, send PF7 to the host. <Key>PPAGE: PF(7) ! When Ctrl-a is pressed, then F1, send PF13 ! to the host. Ctrl<Key>a <Key>F1: PF(13)
Here is the same definition as a resource:
! Lines beginning with ! are ignored, but NOT ! within a definition. ! Note that the is required at the end of the ! first line, and is ! required at the end of every other line except ! the last. ! Definition of keymap xxx c3270.keymap.xxx: Alt<Key>c: Clear() <Key>PPAGE: PF(7) Ctrl<Key>A <Key>F1: PF(13)
The optional Alt or Ctrl modifiers specify that the Alt and Ctrl keys are pressed along with the specified key, respectively. Key is either an ISO 8859-1 symbol name, such as equal for = and a for a, or a symbolic ncurses key name, such as UP. More than one key can be specified, indicating that a sequence of keys must be pressed in order for the rule to be matched. The action is an action from the ACTIONS list above. More than one action may be specified; they will be executed in order.
Keymap entries are case-sensitive and modifier-specific. This means that a keymap for the b key will match only a lowercase b. Actions for uppercase B, or for Alt-b or Control-B, must be specified separately.
The base keymap is:
Key Action ------------------------------------- Ctrl<Key>] Escape Ctrl<Key>a Ctrl<Key>a Key(0x01) Ctrl<Key>a Ctrl<Key>] Key(0x1d) Ctrl<Key>a <Key>Tab BackTab Ctrl<Key>a <Key>c Clear Ctrl<Key>a <Key>e Escape Ctrl<Key>a <Key>r Reset Ctrl<Key>a <Key>l Redraw Ctrl<Key>a <Key>m Compose Ctrl<Key>a <Key>^ Key(notsign) <Key>UP Up <Key>DOWN Down <Key>LEFT Left <Key>RIGHT Right <Key>F(n) PF(n) Ctrl<Key>a <Key>F(n) PF(n+12) Ctrl<Key>a <Key>1 PA(1) Ctrl<Key>a <Key>2 PA(2) Ctrl<Key>a <Key>3 PA(3)
The base 3270-mode keymap adds:
Key Action ------------------------------ Ctrl<Key>c Clear Ctrl<Key>d Dup Ctrl<Key>f FieldMark Ctrl<Key>i Tab Ctrl<Key>l Redraw Ctrl<Key>r Reset Ctrl<Key>u DeleteField <Key>BackSpace BackSpace <Key>Return Enter <Key>Tab Tab <Key>Linefeed Newline <Key>BACKSPACE BackSpace <Key>DC Delete <Key>HOME Home <Key>IC ToggleInsert
THE META OR ALT KEY Some keyboards do not have a Meta key. Instead, they have an Alt key. Sometimes this key acts as a proper Meta key, that is, it is a modifier key that sets the high-order bit (0x80) in the code that is transmitted for each key. Other keyboards send a two-character sequence when the Alt key is pressed with another key: the Escape character (0x1b), followed by the code for the other key.
The resource c3270.metaEscape and the termcap km attribute control how c3270 will interpret these sequences. When c3270.metaEscape is set to true, or when c3270.metaEscape is set to auto and the termcap km attribute is set, the keyboard is assumed to have a separate Meta key. The Escape key can be used as an ordinary data key and has no special meaning.
When c3270.metaEscape is set to true, or when c3270.metaEscape is set to auto and the termcap km attribute is not set, the keyboard is assumed to use the Escape character as a prefix to indicate that the following character is supposed to have the high-order bit set. When c3270 sees an Escape character from the keyboard, it sets a short timeout. If another character arrives before the timeout expires, then c3270 will combine the two characters, setting the high-order bit of the second. In an event trace file, the combined character is listed as derived. In a keymap, only the combined character or the Meta prefix may be used. The Escape key can still be used by itself, but only if there is a short pause before pressing another key.
The default value for c3270.metaEscape is auto.
FILE TRANSFER The Transfer action implements IND$FILE file transfer. This action requires that the IND$FILE program be installed on the IBM host, and that the 3270 cursor be located in a field that will accept a TSO or VM/CMS command.
The Transfer action can be entered at the command prompt with no parameters, which will cause it to prompt interactively for the file names and options. It can also be invoked with parameters to define the entire transfer.
Because of the complexity and number of options for file transfer, the parameters to the Transfer action take the unique form of option=value, and can appear in any order. Note that if the value contains spaces (such as a VM/CMS file name), then the entire parameter must be quoted, e.g., "HostFile=xxx foo a". The options are:
Option Required? Default Other Values -------------------------------------------------------- Direction No send receive HostFile Yes LocalFile Yes Host No tso vm Mode No ascii binary Cr No remove add, keep Exist No keep replace, append Recfm No fixed, variable, undefined Lrecl No Blksize No Allocation No tracks, cylinders, avblock PrimarySpace No SecondarySpace No BufferSize No 4096
The option details are as follows.
Direction send (the default) to send a file to the host, receive to receive a file from the host.
HostFile The name of the file on the host.
LocalFile The name of the file on the local workstation.
Host The type of host (which dictates the form of the IND$FILE command): tso (the default) or vm.
Mode Use ascii (the default) for a text file, which will be translated between EBCDIC and ASCII as necessary. Use binary for non-text files.
Cr Controls how Newline characters are handled when transferring Mode=ascii files. remove (the default) strips Newline characters in local files before transferring them to the host. add adds Newline characters to each host file record before transferring it to the local workstation. keep preserves Newline characters when transferring a local file to the host.
Exist Controls what happens when the destination file already exists. keep (the default) preserves the file, causing the Transfer action to fail. replace overwrites the destination file with the source file. append appends the source file to the destination file.
Recfm Controls the record of files created on the host. fixed creates a file with fixed-length records. variable creates a file with variable-length records. undefined creates a file with undefined-length records (TSO hosts only). The Lrecl option controls the record length or maximum record length for Recfm=fixed and Recfm=variable files, respectively.
Lrecl Specifies the record length (or maximum record length) for files created on the host.
Blksize Specifies the block size for files created on the host. (TSO hosts only.)
Allocation Specifies the units for the TSO host PrimarySpace and SecondarySpace options: tracks, cylinders or avblock.
PrimarySpace Primary allocation for a file created on a TSO host. The units are given by the Allocation option.
SecondarySpace Secondary allocation for a file created on a TSO host. The units are given by the Allocation option.
BufferSize Buffer size for DFT-mode transfers. Can range from 256 to 32768. Larger values give better performance, but some hosts may not be able to support them.
SCRIPTS There are several types of script functions available.
The String Action The simplest method for scripting is provided via the String action. The arguments to String are one or more double-quoted strings which are inserted directly as if typed. The C backslash conventions are honored as follows. (Entries marked * mean that after sending the AID code to the host, c3270 will wait for the host to unlock the keyboard before further processing the string.)
Left Clear* Enter* an PA(n)* fnn PF(nn)* Newline Tab T BackTab
An example keymap entry would be: Meta<Key>p: String("probs clearrdr0)
Note: The strings are in ASCII and converted to EBCDIC, so beware of inserting control codes.
There is also an alternate form of the String action, HexString, which is used to enter non-printing data. The argument to HexString is a string of hexadecimal digits, two per character. A leading 0x or 0X is optional. In 3270 mode, the hexadecimal data represent EBCDIC characters, which are entered into the current field. In NVT mode, the hexadecimal data represent ASCII characters, which are sent directly to the host.
The Script Action This action causes c3270 to start a child process which can execute c3270 actions. Standard input and output from the child process are piped back to c3270. The Script action is fully documented in x3270-script(1).
COMPOSITE CHARACTERS c3270 allows the direct entry of accented letters and special symbols. Pressing and releasing the "Compose" key, followed by two other keys, causes entry of the symbol combining those two keys. For example, "Compose" followed by the "C" key and the "," (comma) key, enters the "C-cedilla" symbol. A C on the status line indicates a pending composite character.
The mappings between these pairs of ordinary keys and the symbols they represent is controlled by the "c3270.composeMap" resource; it gives the name of the map to use. The maps themselves are named "c3270.composeMap.name". The default is "latin1", which gives mappings for most of the symbols in the ISO 8859-1 Latin-1 character set that are not in the 7-bit ASCII character set.
Note: The default keymap defines Meta<Key>m as the "Compose" key. You may set up your own "Compose" key with a keymap that maps some other keysym onto the Compose action.
PRINTER SUPPORT c3270 supports associated printer sessions via the pr3287(1) program. The Printer action is used to start or stop a pr3287 session.
The action Printer Start starts a printer session, associated with the current LU. (This works only if the host supports TN3270E.)
The action Printer Start lu starts a printer session, associated with a specific lu.
The action Printer Stop stops a printer session.
The resource c3270.printer.command specifies the command used to print each job; it defaults to lpr. The resource c3270.printer.assocCommandLine specifies the command used to start an associated printer session. It defaults to:
pr3287 -assoc %L% -command "%C%" %H%
The resource c3270.printer.luCommandLine specifies the command used to start a specific-LU printer session. It defaults to:
pr3287 -command "%C%" %R% %L%@%H%
When the printer session command is run, the following substitutions are made:
Token Substitition %C% Command (value of c3270.printer.command) %H% Host IP address %L% Current or specified LU %R% Character set
See pr3287(1) for further details.
The resource c3270.printerLu controls automatic printer session start- up. If it is set to ., then whenever a login session is started, a printer session will automatically be started, associated with the login session. If it is set an LU name, then the automatic printer session will be associated with the specified LU.
PASSTHRU c3270 supports the Sun telnet-passthru service provided by the in.telnet-gw server. This allows outbound telnet connections through a firewall machine. When a p: is prepended to a hostname, c3270 acts much like the itelnet(1) command. It contacts the machine named internet-gateway at the port defined in /etc/services as telnet- passthru (which defaults to 3514). It then passes the requested hostname and port to the in.telnet-gw server.
PROXY The -proxy option or the c3270.proxy resource causes c3270 to use a proxy server to connect to the host. The syntax of the option or resource is: type:host[:port]
The supported values for type are:
Proxy Type Protocol Default Port ---------------------------------------------- http RFC 2817 HTTP 3128 tunnel (squid) passthru Sun in.telnet-gw none socks4 SOCKS version 4 1080 socks5 SOCKS version 5 1080 (RFC 1928) telnet No protocol (just none send connect host port)
The special types socks4a and socks5d can also be used to force the proxy server to do the hostname resolution for the SOCKS protocol.
SCREEN SIZE SWITCHING When running as a 3270 Model 5, c3270 can take advantage of terminals that can switch between 80 and 132 column modes.
Because the curses library does not support mode switching, the escape sequences and resulting screen dimensions must be specified explicitly to c3270. These are specified with the -altscreen and -defscreen command-line options, or the altScreen and defScreen resources. -altscreen or altScreen defines the alternate (132-column) mode; -defscreen or defScreen defines the default (80-column) mode.
The syntax for the options and resources is rowsxcols=init_string, where rows and cols give the screen dimensions, and init_string is the escape sequence to transmit to the terminal to enter that mode. For defscreen, the minimum dimensions are 24 rows and 80 columns. For altscreen, the minimum dimensions are 27 rows and 132 columns. Within init_string, the usual escape sequences are supported ( for escape, e t c . ) . F o , r the init string for a 132-column xterm is: e x a m p l e
Note: When defscreen and altscreen are specified, the model number is always set to 5.
RESOURCES Certain c3270 options can be configured via resources. Resources are defined in the file .c3270pro in the users home directory, and by -xrm options. The definitions are similar to X11 resources, and use a similar syntax. The resources available in c3270 are:
Resource Default Option Purpose ------------------------------------------------------------ allBold Auto -allbold Display all characters bold altScreen -altscreen 132-col screen definition blankFill False -set blankFill Blank Fill mode charset bracket -charset EBCDIC character set charset.foo Definition of character set foo composeMap latin1 Name of composed- character map cursesKeymap True Set curses keymap option defScreen -defscreen 80-col screen definition dsTrace False -trace Data stream tracing
eof ^D NVT-mode EOF character erase ^H NVT-mode erase character extended True Use 3270 extended data stream eventTrace False -trace Event tracing ftCommand ind$file Host file transfer command hostsFile -hostsfile Host alias/macro file icrnl False Map CR to NL on NVT-mode input inlcr False Map NL to CR in NVT-mode input intr ^C NVT-mode interrupt character keymap -keymap Keyboard map name keymap.foo Definition of keymap foo kill ^U NVT-mode kill character lineWrap False -set lineWrap NVT line wrap mode lnext ^V NVT-mode lnext character m3279 (note 1) -model 3279 (color) emulation metaEscape Auto Interpret ESC-x as Meta-x mono (note 5) -mono Ignore terminal color capabilities monoCase False -set monoCase Mono-case mode numericLock False Lock keyboard for numeric field error oerrLock True Lock keyboard for input error oversize -oversize Oversize screen dimensions port telnet -port Non-default TCP port printer.* (note 4) Printer session config printerLu (note 4) Printer session config quit ^ NVT-mode quit character rprnt ^R NVT-mode reprint character secure False Disable "dangerous" options termName (note 2) -tn TELNET terminal type string traceDir /tmp Directory for trace files traceFile (note 3) -tracefile File for trace output typeahead True Allow typeahead werase ^W NVT-mode word- erase character
Note 1: m3279 defaults to True if the terminal supports color, False otherwise. It can be forced to False with the proper -model option.
Note 2: The default terminal type string is constructed from the model number, color emulation, and extended data stream modes. E.g., a model 2 with color emulation and the extended data stream option would be sent as IBM-3279-2-E. Note also that when TN3270E mode is used, the terminal type is always sent as 3278, but this does not affect color capabilities.
Note 3: The default trace file is x3trc.pid in the directory specified by the traceDir resource.
Note 4: See PRINTER SUPPORT for details.
Note 5: mono defaults to false if the terminal supports at least 8 colors and to true otherwise.
In .c3270pro, lines are continued with a backslash character.
-xrm options override definitions found in .c3270pro. If more than one -xrm option is given for the same resource, the last one on the command line is used.
FILES /usr/local/lib/x3270/ibm_hosts $HOME/.c3270pro
SEE ALSO x3270(1), s3270(1), tcl3270(1), ibm_hosts(5), x3270-script(1), pr3287(1), telnet(1), tn3270(1) Data Stream Programmers Reference, IBM GA23-0059 Character Set Reference, IBM GA27-3831 RFC 1576, TN3270 Current Practices RFC 1646, TN3270 Extensions for LUname and Printer Selection RFC 2355, TN3270 Enhancements
COPYRIGHTS Modifications and original code Copyright 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 by Paul Mattes. DFT File Transfer Code Copyright October 1995 by Dick Altenbern. RPQNAMES Code Copyright 2004, 2005 by Don Russell. Original X11 Port Copyright 1990 by Jeff Sparkes. Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation. Copyright 1989 by Georgia Tech Research Corporation, Atlanta, GA 30332. All Rights Reserved. GTRC hereby grants public use of this software. Derivative works based on this software must incorporate this copyright notice. c3270 is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the file LICENSE for more details.
VERSION c3270 3.3.6
23 June 2007 c3270(1)