NAME ctlinnd - control the InterNetNews daemon
SYNOPSIS ctlinnd [ -h ] [ -s ] [ -t timeout ] command [ argument... ]
DESCRIPTION Ctlinnd sends a message to the control channel of innd(8), the Inter- NetNews server.
In the normal mode of behavior, the message is sent to the server, which then performs the requested action and sends back a reply with a text message and the exit code for ctlinnd. If the server successfully performed the command, ctlinnd will exit with a status of zero and print the reply on standard output. If the server could not perform the command (for example, it was told to remove a newsgroup that does not exist), it will direct ctlinnd to exit with a status of one. (Note that ctlinnd need not always exit immediately, see the -t flag.) The shutdown, xabort, and xexec commands do not generate a reply (because once innd has successfully exited, it is too late to send a reply to ctlinnd); after these commands, ctlinnd will always exit silently with a status of zero.
OPTIONS -s If the -s flag is used, then no message will be printed if the command was successful.
-t timeout The -t flag can be used to specify how long to wait for the reply from the server (for commands other than shutdown, xabort, and xexec). The timeout value specifies the number of seconds to wait. A value of zero waits forever, and a value less than zero indicates that no reply is needed (that is, exit immediately with status zero). When waiting for a reply, ctlinnd will try every two minutes to see if the server is still running, so it is unlikely that -t0 will hang. The default is set as <CTLINND_TIMEOUT in include/config.h> (typically 0).
-h To see a command summary, use the -h flag. If a command is included when ctlinnd is invoked with the -h flag, then only the usage for that command will be given.
The complete list of commands follows. Note that all commands have a fixed number of arguments. If a parameter can be an empty string, then it is necessary to specify it as two adjacent quotes, like "".
addhist <Message-ID> arr exp post token Add an entry to the history database. This directs the server to create a history line for Message-ID. The angle brackets are optional. Arr, exp, and post specify when the article arrived, what its expiration date is, and when it was posted. All three values are numbers indicating the number of seconds since the epoch. Exp being zero indicates the article does not have an Expires header. Token is the storage API token indicating where the article is stored. If the server is throttled manually, this command causes it to briefly open the history database. If the server is paused or throttled for any other reason, this command is rejected.
allow reason Remote connections are allowed. The reason must be the same text given with an earlier reject command, or an empty string.
begin site Begin feeding site. This will cause the server to rescan the newsfeeds file to find the specified site and set up a newsfeed for it. If the site already exists, a drop is done first. This command is forwarded; see NOTES below.
cancel <Message-ID> Remove the article with the specified Message-ID from the local system. This does not generate a cancel message. The angle brackets are optional. If the server is throttled manually, this command causes it to briefly open the history database. If the server is paused or throttled for any other reason, this command is rejected.
changegroup group rest The newsgroup group is changed so that its fourth field in the active file becomes the value specified by the rest parameter. This may be used to make an existing group moderated or unmoder- ated, for example. This command can only be used while the server is running (not throttled), unlike newgroup or rmgroup.
checkfile Check the syntax of the newsfeeds file, and display a message if any errors are found. The details of the errors are reported to syslog(3).
drop site Flush and drop site from the servers list of active feeds. This command is forwarded; see NOTES below.
feedinfo site Print detailed information about the state of the feed to site or more brief status of all feeds if site is an empty string.
flush site Flush the buffer for the specified site. The actions taken depend on the type of feed the site receives; see newsfeeds(5). This is useful when the site is fed by a file and batching is about to start. If site is an empty string, then all sites are flushed and the active file and history databases are also writ- ten out. This command is forwarded; see NOTES below.
flushlogs Close the log and error log files and rename them to have a .old extension. The history database and active file are also writ- ten out.
go reason Re-open the history database and start accepting articles after a pause or throttle command. The reason must either be an empty string or match the text that was given in the earlier pause or throttle command. If a reject command was done, this will also do an allow command if the reason matches the text that was given in the reject. If a reserve command was done, this will also clear the reserva- tion if the reason matches the text that was given in the reserve. Note that if only the history database has changed while the server is paused or throttled, it is not necessary to send it a reload command before sending it a go command. If the server throttled itself because it accumulated too many I/O errors, this command will reset the error count. If the server was not started with the -ny flag, then this command also does a readers command with yes as the flag and reason as the text.
hangup channel Close the socket on the specified incoming channel. This is useful when an incoming connection appears to be hung.
help [command] Print a command summary for all commands, or just command if specified.
kill signal site Signal signal is sent to the specified site, which must be a channel or exploder feed. Signal can be a numeric signal number or the word hup, int, or term ; case is not signifi- cant.
lowmark file Reset the lowmarks in the active file based on the contents of the given file. Each line in the file must be of the form:
logmode Cause the server to log its current operating mode to syslog.
mode Print the servers operating mode as a multi-line summary of the parameters and operating state.
name nnn Print the name and relevant information of channel number nnn, or of all channels if it is an empty string. The response is formatted as:
Where the meanings of the fields are:
f1 name of this channel f2 channel number f3 channel type f4 idle time for this channel (nntp type) or process id (process type) f5 channel status (nntp type)
The channel type (f3) is one of following:
control control channel which is used for ctlinnd file file channel which is used for file feed localconn local channel which is used for nnrpd or rnews nntp nntp channel which is used for current remote connection proc process channel which is used for process feed remconn remote channel which will be used for nntp
Channel status indicates whether the channel is paused or not. Nothing is shown unless the channel is paused, in which case paused is shown. A channel is paused if the number of remote connection for that label in incoming.conf is beyond max-connections within hold-time seconds of connection.
newgroup group rest creator Create the specified newsgroup. The rest parameter should be the fourth field as described in active(5); if it is not an equal sign, only the first letter is used. The creator should be the identity of the person creating the group as described in active(5). If the newsgroup already exists, this is equivalent to the changegroup command. This is the only command that has defaults. The creator can be omitted and will default to the newsmaster (as specified at configure time, usenet by default), and the rest parameter can be omitted and will default to y. This command can only be done while the server is throttled manually or running; it will update its internal state when a go command is sent. This command updates the active.times file (see active.times(5)). This command is for- warded; see NOTES below.
param letter value Change the command-line parameters of the server. The combina- tion of defaults make it possible to use the text of the Control header directly. Letter is the innd command-line option to set, and value is the new value. For example, i 5 directs the server to allow only five incoming connections. To enable or disable the action of the -n flag, use the letter y or n, respectively, for the value.
pause reason Pause the server so that no incoming articles are accepted. No existing connections are closed, but the history database is closed. This command should be used for short-term locks, such as when replacing the history files. If the server was not started with the -ny flag, then this command also does a readers command with no as the flag and reason as the text.
perl flag Enable or disable perl news filtering, if <--with-perl is speci- fied at configure>. If flag starts with the letter y then filtering is enabled. If it starts with n, then filtering is disabled.
python flag Enable or disable Python news filtering, if <--with-python is specified at configure>. If flag starts with the letter y then filtering is enabled. If it starts with n, then filtering is disabled.
readers flag text Allow or disallow newsreaders. If flag starts with the letter n then newsreading is disallowed, by causing the server to pass the text as the value of the nnrpd(8)-r flag. If flag starts with the letter y and text is either an empty string, or the same string that was used when newsreading was disal- lowed, then newsreading will be allowed.
reject reason Remote connections (those that would not be handed off to nnrpd) are rejected, with reason given as the explanation.
reload what reason The server updates its in-memory copies of various configuration files. What identifies what should be reloaded. The reason is reported to syslog.
There is no way to reload the inn.conf file; use ctlinnd xexec innd instead.
If what is an empty string or the word all then everything is reloaded; if it is the word history then the history database is closed and opened, if it is the word incom- ing.conf then the incoming.conf file is reloaded; if it is the word active or newsfeeds then both the active and news- feeds files are reloaded; if it is the word overview.fmt then the overview.fmt file is reloaded.
If <--with-perl is specified at configure> and it is the word filter.perl then the filter_innd.pl file is reloaded. If a Perl procedure named filter_before_reload exists, it will be called prior to rereading filter_innd.pl. If a Perl procedure named filter_after_reload exists, it will be called after filter_innd.pl. has been reloaded. Reloading the Perl filter does not enable filtering if it is disabled; use perl y to do this. The startup_innd.pl file cannot be reloaded.
If <--with-python is specified at configure> and it is the word filter.python then the filter_innd.py file is reloaded. If a Python method named filter_before_reload exists, it will be called prior to rereading filter_innd.py. If a Python method named __init__ exists, it will be called after fil- ter_innd.py. has been reloaded. Reloading the Python filter does not enable filtering if it is disabled; use python y to do this. If <--with-tcl is specified at configure> and it is the word filter.tcl then the filter.tcl file is reloaded. If a TCL procedure named filter_before_reload exists, it will be called prior to rereading filter.tcl. If a TCL procedure named filter_after_reload exists, it will be called after fil- ter.tcl has been reloaded. Reloading the Tcl filter does not enable filtering if it is disabled; use filter to do this. The startup.tcl file cannot be reloaded.
renumber group Scan overview database for the specified newsgroup and update the low-water mark and hi-water mark in the active file. Regardless of the content of the overview database, the hi-water mark will not be decreased (decreasing it may cause duplicate article numbers to be assigned after a crash, which can cause serious problems with the tradspool storage method). If group is an empty string then all newsgroups are scanned. Renumber only works if overview data has been created. (See the descrip- tion of enableoverview in inn.conf(5) for details about overview creation.)
renumberlow file This command does same as lowmark command.
reserve reason The next pause or throttle command must use reason as its reason. This reservation is cleared by giving an empty string for the reason. This command is used by programs like expire(8) that want to avoid running into other instances of each other.
rmgroup group Remove the specified newsgroup. This is done by editing the active file. The spool directory is not touched, and any arti- cles in the group will still be expired using the default expi- ration parameters. Unlike the newgroup command, this com- mand does not update the active.times file. This command can be done while the server is only throttled manually or running. This command is forwarded; see NOTES below.
send feed text... The specified text is sent as a control line to the exploder feed.
shutdown reason The server is shut down, with the specified reason recorded in the log and sent to all open connections.
It is a good idea to send a throttle command first.
If Perl, Python, or TCL filtering is compiled in and enabled, certain functions are called at throttle or shutdown (for example, to save filter state to disk), consult the embed- ded filter documentation for details.
stathist off|filename Enable or disable generation of history performance statistics. If the parameter is off , no statistics are gathered. Other- wise statistics are written to the specified file. The file can be parsed by contrib/stathist.pl.
status off|interval Adjust frequency in seconds at which innd reports status infor- matoin to syslog. Status reporting is turned off if off or 0 is specified. See status in inn.conf(5) for informa- tion on how to set the startup default.
tcl flag Enable or disable Tcl news filtering, if <--with-tcl is speci- fied at configure>. If flag starts with the letter y then filtering is enabled. If it starts with n, then filtering is disabled.
throttle reason Input is throttled so that all existing connections are closed and new connections are rejected. The history database is closed. This should be used for long-term locks, such as when expire is being run. If the server was not started with the -ny flag, then this command also does a readers command with no as the flag and reason as the text.
timer off|interval Performance monitoring is turned off if off or 0 is specified, otherwise, statistics will be reported every interval seconds to syslog. See timer in inn.conf(5) for information on how to set the startup default.
trace item flag Tracing is turned on or off for the specified item. Flag should start with the letter y or n to turn tracing on or off. If item starts with a number, then tracing is set for the speci- fied innd channel, which must be for an incoming NNTP feed. If it starts with the letter i then general innd tracing is turned on or off. If it starts with the letter n then future nnrpds will or will not have the -t flag enabled, as appropriate. The n flag does not affect nnrpds already running or using -D (running as a daemon).
xabort reason The server logs the specified reason and then invokes the abort(3) routine.
xexec path The server gets ready to shut itself down, but instead of exit- ing it execs <pathbin in inn.conf>/inndstart with all of its original arguments except for -r. Path can be any of innd, inndstart, or an empty string, although all three valid parameters have exactly the same effect. Any other value is an error.
NOTES In addition to being acted upon within the server, certain commands can be forwarded to the appropriate child process. If the site receiving the command is an exploder (such as buffchan(8)), or it is a funnel that feeds into an exploder, then the command can be forwarded. In this case, the server will send a command line to the exploder that consists of the ctlinnd command name. If the site funnels into an exploder that has an asterisk (*) in its W flag (see news- feeds(5)), then the site name will be appended to the command; other- wise no argument is appended.
BUGS Ctlinnd uses the inndcomm(3) library, and is therefore limited to server replies no larger than 4k.
HISTORY Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com> for InterNetNews. This is revision 7062, dated 2004-12-19.
SEE ALSO active(5), active.times(5), expire(8), innd(8), inndcomm(3), inn.conf(5), newsfeeds(5), overview.fmt(5).