NAME autofs - Format of the automounter maps
DESCRIPTION The automounter maps are FILE, NIS, NISPLUS or LDAP maps referred to by the master map of the automounter (see auto.master(5)). These maps describe how file systems below the mount point of the map (given in the master map) are to be mounted. This page describes the sun map format; if another map format is specified (e.g. hesiod), this documen- tation does not apply.
Indirect maps, except for the internal hosts map, can be changed on the fly and the automouter will recognize those changes on the next opera- tion it performs on that map. Direct maps require a HUP signal be sent to the daemon to refresh their contents as does the master map.
FORMAT This is a description of the text file format. Other methods of speci- fying these files may exist. All empty lines or lines beginning with # are ignored. The basic format of one line in such maps is:
key [-options] location
key For indirect mounts this is the part of the path name between the mount point and the path into the filesystem when it is mounted. Usually you can think about the key as a sub-directory name below the autofs man- aged mount point.
For direct mounts this is the full path of each mount point. This map is always associated with the /- mount point in the master map.
options Zero or more options may be given. Options can also be given in the auto.master file in which case both values are cumulative (this is a difference from SunOS). The options are a list of comma separated options as customary for the mount(8) command. There are two special options -fstype= used to specify a filesystem type if the filesystem is not of the default NFS type. This option is processed by the auto- mounter and not by the mount command. -strict is used to treat errors when mounting file systems as fatal. This is important when multiple file systems should be mounted ( multi-mounts ). If this option is given, no file system is mounted at all if at least one file system cant be mounted. -use-weight-only is used to make the weight the sole factor in selecting a server when multiple servers are present in a map entry. and -no-use-weight-only can be used to negate the option if it is present in the master map entry for the map but is not wanted for the given mount.
location The location specifies from where the file system is to be mounted. In the most cases this will be an NFS volume and the usual notation host:pathname is used to indicate the remote filesystem and path to be mounted. If the filesystem to be mounted begins with a / (such as local /dev entries or smbfs shares) a : needs to be prefixed (e.g. :/dev/sda1).
EXAMPLE Indirect map:
kernel -ro,soft,intr ftp.kernel.org:/pub/linux boot -fstype=ext2 :/dev/hda1 windoze -fstype=smbfs ://windoze/c removable -fstype=ext2 :/dev/hdd cd -fstype=iso9660,ro :/dev/hdc floppy -fstype=auto :/dev/fd0 server -rw,hard,intr / -ro myserver.me.org:/ /usr myserver.me.org:/usr /home myserver.me.org:/home
In the first line we have a NFS remote mount of the kernel directory on ftp.kernel.org. This is mounted read-only. The second line mounts an ext2 volume from a local ide drive. The third makes a share exported from a Windows machine available for automounting. The rest should be fairly self-explanatory. The last entry (the last three lines) is an example of a multi-map (see below).
If you use the automounter for a filesystem without access permissions (like vfat), users usually cant write on such a filesystem because it is mounted as user root. You can solve this problem by passing the option gid=<gid>, e.g. gid=floppy. The filesystem is then mounted as group floppy instead of root. Then you can add the users to this group, and they can write to the filesystem. Heres an example entry for an autofs map:
floppy-vfat -fstype=vfat,sync,gid=floppy,umask=002 :/dev/fd0
/nfs/apps/mozilla bogus:/usr/local/moxill /nfs/data/budgets tiger:/usr/local/budgets /tst/sbin bogus:/usr/sbin
FEATURES Map Key Substitution An & character in the location is expanded to the value of the key field that matched the line (which probably only makes sense together with a wildcard key).
Wildcard Key A map key of * denotes a wild-card entry. This entry is consulted if the specified key does not exist in the map. A typical wild-card entry looks like this:
The special character & will be replaced by the provided key. So, in the example above, a lookup for the key foo would yield a mount of server:/export/home/foo.
Variable Substitution The following special variables will be substituted in the key and location fields of an automounter map if prefixed with $ as customary from shell scripts (Curly braces can be used to separate the field name):
ARCH Architecture (uname -m) CPU Processor Type HOST Hostname (uname -n) OSNAME Operating System (uname -s) OSREL Release of OS (uname -r) OSVERS Version of OS (uname -v)
autofs provides additional variables that are set based on the user requesting the mount:
USER The user login name UID The user login ID GROUP The user group name GID The user group ID HOME The user home directory HOST Hostname (uname -n)
Additional entries can be defined with the -Dvariable=Value map-option to automount(8).
Executable Maps A map can be marked as executable. A program map will be called with the key as an argument. It may return no lines of output if theres an error, or one or more lines containing a map entry (with quoting line breaks). The map entry corresponds to what would normally follow a map key.
An executable map can return an error code to indicate the failure in addition to no output at all. All output sent to stderr is logged into the system logs.
Multiple Mounts A multi-mount map can be used to name multiple filesystems to mount. It takes the form:
key [-options] [mount-point [-options] location...]...
This may extend over multiple lines, quoting the line-breaks with ‘´. If present, the per-mountpoint mount-options are appended to the default mount-options.
Replicated Server Multiple replicated hosts, same path: <path> host1,host2,hostn:/path/path
Multiple hosts, some with same path, some with another <path> host1,host2:/blah host3:/some/other/path
Multiple replicated hosts, different (potentially) paths: <path> host1:/path/pathA host2:/path/pathB
Mutliple weighted, replicated hosts same path: <path> host1(5),host2(6),host3(1):/path/path
Multiple weighted, replicated hosts different (potentially) paths: <path> host1(3):/path/pathA host2(5):/path/pathB
Anything else is questionable and unsupported, but these variations will also work: <path> host1(3),host:/blah
UNSUPPORTED This version of the automounter supports direct maps stored in FILE, NIS, NISPLUS and LDAP only.
SEE ALSO automount(8), auto.master(5), autofs(8), mount(8).
AUTHOR This manual page was written by Christoph Lameter <firstname.lastname@example.org>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system. Edited by H. Peter Avian <email@example.com>, Jeremy Fitzhardinge <firstname.lastname@example.org> and Ian Kent <email@example.com>.
14 Jan 2000 AUTOFS(5)