DOT(P) POSIX Programmer s Manual DOT(P)

PROLOG This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer s Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME dot - execute commands in the current environment

SYNOPSIS . file

DESCRIPTION The shell shall execute commands from the file in the current environ- ment.

If file does not contain a slash, the shell shall use the search path specified by PATH to find the directory containing file. Unlike normal command search, however, the file searched for by the dot utility need not be executable. If no readable file is found, a non-interactive shell shall abort; an interactive shell shall write a diagnostic mes- sage to standard error, but this condition shall not be considered a syntax error.

OPTIONS None.

OPERANDS See the DESCRIPTION.

STDIN Not used.

INPUT FILES See the DESCRIPTION.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES See the DESCRIPTION.

ASYNCHRONOUS EVENTS Default.

STDOUT Not used.

STDERR The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

OUTPUT FILES None.

EXTENDED DESCRIPTION None.

EXIT STATUS Returns the value of the last command executed, or a zero exit status if no command is executed.

CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS Default.

The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE None.

EXAMPLES cat foobar foo=hello bar=world. foobar echo $foo $bar hello world

RATIONALE Some older implementations searched the current directory for the file, even if the value of PATH disallowed it. This behavior was omitted from this volume of IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 due to concerns about intro- ducing the susceptibility to trojan horses that the user might be try- ing to avoid by leaving dot out of PATH .

The KornShell version of dot takes optional arguments that are set to the positional parameters. This is a valid extension that allows a dot script to behave identically to a function.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS None.

SEE ALSO Special Built-In Utilities

COPYRIGHT Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

IEEE/The Open Group 2003 DOT(P)