CONVDATE(1) InterNetNews Documentation CONVDATE(1)

NAME convdate - Convert time/date strings and numbers

SYNOPSIS convdate [-dhl] [-c -n -s] [date ...]

DESCRIPTION convdate translates the date/time strings given on the command line, outputting the results one to a line. The input can either be a date in some format that parsedate(3) can parse or the number of seconds since epoch (if -c is given). The output is either ctime(3) results, the number of seconds since epoch, or a Usenet Date: header, depending on the options given.

OPTIONS -c Each argument is taken to be the number of seconds since epoch (a time_t) rather than a date.

-d Output a valid Usenet Date: header instead of the results of ctime(3) for each date given on the command line. This is useful for testing the algorithm used to generate Date: headers for local posts. Normally, the date will be in UTC, but see the -l option.

-h Print usage information and exit.

-l Only makes sense in combination with -d. If given, Date: headers generated will use the local time zone instead of UTC.

-n Rather than outputting the results of ctime(3) or a Date: header, output each date given as the number of seconds since epoch (a time_t). This option doesnt make sense in combination with -d.

-s Pass each given date to parsedate(3) and print the results of ctime(3) (or a Date: header if -d is given). This is the default behavior.

EXAMPLES Note that relative times or times with partial information use the cur- rent time to fill in the rest of the date, so dates like "12pm" are taken to be 12pm of the day when convdate is run. This is a property of parsedate(3); see the man page for more information. Most of these examples are from the original man page dating from 1991 and were run in the -0400 time zone.

% convdate feb 10 10am Sun Feb 10 10:00:00 1991

% convdate 12pm 5/4/90 Fri Dec 13 00:00:00 1991 Fri May 4 00:00:00 1990

Note that 12pm and 5/4/90 are two *separate* arguments and therefore result in two results. Note also that a date with no time is taken to be at midnight.

% convdate -n feb 10 10am 12pm 5/4/90 666198000 641880000

% convdate -c 666198000 Sun Feb 10 10:00:00 1991

ctime(3) results are in the local time zone. Compare to:

% convdate -dc 666198000 Sun, 10 Feb 1991 15:00:00 +0000 (UTC)

% env TZ=PST8PDT convdate -dlc 666198000 Sun, 10 Feb 1991 07:00:00 -0800 (PST)

% env TZ=EST5EDT convdate -dlc 666198000 Sun, 10 Feb 1991 10:00:00 -0500 (EST)

The system library functions generally use the environment variable TZ to determine (or at least override) the local time zone.

HISTORY Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net>, rewritten and updated by Russ Allbery <rra@stanford.edu> for the -d and -l flags.

$Id: convdate.1 5132 2002-02-22 20:39:19Z vinocur $

SEE ALSO parsedate(3).

INN 2.4.0 2002-02-02 CONVDATE(1)